Global warming is the rise in average surface temperature of the earth globally. There are many reasons behind this increasing global warming. It is a man created environmental issue which is gradually affecting the whole environment all over the world since many years.
Short and Long Paragraphs on Global Warming
We have provided below some paragraphs on global warming to help students studying in classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or higher classes because generally they get assigned by their teachers to write some paragraphs on this topic. It also helps class teachers to enhance the English writing skill and knowledge of their class students on global warming. You can choose any global warming paragraph according to your need and requirement. Following paragraphs are written in simple sentences using easy words.
Global Warming Paragraph 1
Global warming is a gradual increase in the temperature of the earth surface and atmosphere all around the world. It is caused due to the greenhouse effect of increased level of green house gases such as carbon dioxide, CFCs, etc. There are various types of pollutants also which involved in increasing the atmospheric temperature of the earth. Increasing use of fossil fuels by the people and deforestation is increasing carbon dioxide emissions which trap heat and cause greenhouse effect.
Water vapor is also a significant greenhouse gas which is not directly produced by humankind but involve in global warming hugely. A slight increase in the level of CO2 causes marked increase in earth temperature. Green house gases absorb and re-radiate infrared radiations which ultimately cause green house effect. Because of deforestation, CO2 is not absorbed well and remain in the atmosphere for long time and trap heat.
Global Warming Paragraph 2
Global warming has hugely impacted the environment and human life to a great extent for many years. The level of sea water is increasing continuously every year and creating fear for the nearby cities, islands and seawater animals. Rainfall pattern has also disturbed which causes drought in some areas and flooding in other areas. Ice caps and glaciers are melting continuously and its level depends on the increased level of temperature. It is causing loss of habitat near to the poles and polar bears have greatly endangered. Wild animals living in the forest are endangered because of their habitat loss due to deforestation.
Bleaching of Coral Reefs and loss of Plankton are done due to warming seas and acidification (carbonic acid formation. Various types of diseases are also spreading especially malaria to the nearby regions. Now, it has become very necessary for the countries worldwide especially developed countries to reduce their carbon emission as quickly as possible. US need to reduce its carbon emission to a great extent in order to solve the problem of global warming. Limiting some of the promising sectors like coal-fired electricity and wind power can reduce in carbon emissions in nearby decades.
Global Warming Paragraph 3
Global warming is the all over rise in temperature of the earth surface. It has affected the environment and whole atmosphere and has resulted into the huge level climate change. A huge change in the earth’s climate system because of the global warming is observed in the recent past years. The effects of increased global temperature are melting ice, warmed continents, increasing sea level, seasonal changes, climate changes, changing precipitation, expansion of deserts in the subtropics regions, etc. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has reported in 2014 that according to scientists, global warming is mostly a human being created environmental issue. It is mainly caused by ever increasing level of greenhouse gases on the earth.
Impacts of global warming differ from region to region all over the world. Retreat of glaciers, sea ice, more frequent extreme weather events, heat waves, heavy rainfall and snowfall, droughts, floods, ocean acidification, species extinctions, etc are some huge impacts of shifting temperature regimes. In order to reduce the effect of global warming, effective societal responses are needed to be implemented and followed urgently.
Global Warming Paragraph 4
Global warming is slowly but constantly heating the planet from North Pole to South Pole because of increasing temperature of the earth surface. Effects of rising temperature are happening in more dangerous way day by day and affecting the natural resources very badly. It is not good sign for the whole planet and living beings on the earth. This increasing heat is not only affecting the ecosystem but also melting glaciers at the Earth’s poles, melting sea ice and ice sheets, changing precipitation patterns (rainfall and snowfall), extinction of animals, and many more.
The water level in sea is rising in very fast way over the last century. Some of the insects, animals and plants (butterflies, foxes, and alpine) are on the way of extinction or moved to the cooler areas. If the rise in temperature will continue in future, other surprising effects will happen in the later decades such as sea level rise by 7 to 23 inches (18 and 59 cm), hurricanes, storms will be more stronger, floods, droughts will be more common by the end of century.
Global Warming Paragraph 5
Global warming is working like a demon on the earth as it is warming the planet continuously year by year. Actually, global warming is not created itself, it is a man created demon affecting the whole world gradually but regularly. There is an increase in temperature of the whole planet by around 0.8 degree Celsius however it is estimated to be raised more by the end of 21st century (around 2-5 degree Celsius). Global warming is a big trouble to all of us and animals including plants and other living beings.
Global warming is getting worse day by day because of the phenomenon known as greenhouse effect. Greenhouse effect is caused by the green house gases like carbon dioxide and methane which trap heat inside and make earth’s environment hotter. Green house gases work like the curved glass around the planet. Natural greenhouse effect is good for the planet as without it earth may be too cold and do not support the diversity of life here. However, huge increase in the amount of green house gases by the human activities is not good as it is creating gigantic effects all over the planet.
Global Warming Paragraph 6
Global warming is one of the big environmental problems in current time. According to the researchers, heating impact, caused by excessive emission of greenhouse gases, is the main reason of global warming. It is very dangerous and harmful to the existence of life in future on the earth. Because of global warming, sea level is increasing regularly which is creating the fear of flood in lower lying coastal areas and cities. Because of flood, some countries may finish completely in the near future. It is changing the weather patterns regularly; due to this some places at earth are facing severe drought, flood, and various uncommon weather conditions.
Carbon dioxide is one of the main green house gases, the increased amount of which is causing a warming effect on the earth surface which in turn causes evaporation of more water and creates water vapor (a type of greenhouse gas). In this way, the level of green house gases in the atmosphere are increasing and creating more warming effect. CO2 level is also increasing because of the burning fossil fuels. Other green house gases like Sulphur, CFCs, Methane, etc are also responsible for increasing global warming. The level of these gases is increasing due to the population growth, urbanization, industrialization, technological advancement, and deforestation.
Global Warming Paragraph 7
Population growth is responsible for urbanization, deforestation, and industrialization which are causing global warming in many ways. More population leads towards the more utilization of technologies, fossil fuels, coal, gases, lubricate, etc which is big reason of carbon emission. Huge amount of CO2 is released due to various human activities such as burning of coal, oil, natural gases, deforestation, cooking food, etc. Whenever and wherever we use electricity we produce more CO2 and other green house gases.
Global warming has now been a serious problem and we need to fight that with our positive and environment friendly activities. We need to take proper initiatives in order to save our mother earth and to do that we have to stop CO2 emission to a great extent. It is possible if we reduce the use of oil, fuel, coal, gases, etc and concentrate on renewable energy usage. Tree plantation is also a big positive initiation to reduce global warming as trees absorb CO2 in the environment and generate more oxygen; however, we need to bring a lot of habitual changes in our daily life.
Global Warming Paragraph 8
Global warming is heating the planet by regular increase in the average temperature of Earth’s surface due to the release of excessive amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. There are various types of green house gases (such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, chloro floro carbon, sulphur, etc) playing a big role in enhancing the level of global warming. High temperature causes melting of ice and snow thus reduction in amount of ice and snow, change in water cycle, rise in sea level, change in climate, change in weather patterns, and lot of changes in the natural cycle which participate in the global warming. Such huge changing events have forced people to think seriously and take decisions against these changing patterns of environmental parameters.
It has been a serious issue and putting our future at risk as well as existence of life on the earth. It is considered that deforestation and rise in carbon dioxide level is primary issue of increasing global warming. Emitting greenhouse gases from vehicles and CFC gas from air-conditioners are very dangerous as they are empowering this demon. Such gases especially CFC erode the ozone layer and make holes which pass ultraviolet rays and affect living beings on the earth. Increasing sea level creates the fear of submerging coastal regions and completely finishing few islands in near future thus making people homeless. Overpopulation causes overuse of natural resources and technologies which is not good for welfare of human beings.
More on Global Warming:
Essay on Global Warming
Speech on Global Warming
Slogans on Global Warming
Quotes on Global Warming
A topic sentence is the most important sentence in a paragraph. Sometimes referred to as a focus sentence, the topic sentence helps organize the paragraph by summarizing the information in the paragraph. In formal writing, the topic sentence is usually the first sentence in a paragraph (although it doesn't have to be).
Purpose of the Topic Sentence
A topic sentence essentially tells readers what the rest of the paragraph is about. All sentences after it have to give more information about that sentence, prove it by offering facts about it, or describe it in more detail. For example, if the topic sentence concerns the types of endangered species that live in the ocean, then every sentence after that needs to expound on that subject.
Topic sentences also need to relate back to the thesis of the essay. The thesis statement is like a road map that will tell the reader or listener where you are going with this information or how you are treating it.
Topic Sentences and Controlling Ideas
Every topic sentence will have a topic and a controlling idea. The controlling idea shows the direction the paragraph will take.
Here are some examples:
- Topic Sentence: There are many reasons why pollution in ABC Town is the worst in the world.
- The topic is “pollution in ABC Town is the worst in the world” and the controlling idea is “many reasons.”
- Topic Sentence: To be an effective CEO requires certain characteristics.
- The topic is “To be an effective CEO” and the controlling idea is "certain characteristics."
- Topic Sentence: There are many possible contributing factors to global warming.
- The topic is "global warming" and the controlling idea is "contributing factors."
- Topic Sentence: Fortune hunters encounter many difficulties when exploring a shipwreck.
- The topic is “exploring a shipwreck” and the controlling idea is “many difficulties.”
- Topic Sentence: Dogs make wonderful pets because they help you to live longer.
- The topic is "dogs make wonderful pets" and the controlling idea is "because they help you to live longer."
- Topic Sentence: Crime in poverty-stricken areas occurs as a result of a systemic discrimination.
- The topic is "crime in poverty stricken areas" and the controlling idea is "systemic discrimination."
- Topic Sentence: Teen pregnancy may be prevented by improved education.
- The topic is "teen pregnancy may be prevented" and the controlling idea is "improved education."
- Topic Sentence: Cooking requires a number of different skills.
- The topic is "cooking" and the controlling idea is "many different skills."
- Topic Sentence: It is important to be ready before buying a house.
- The topic is "buying a house" and the controlling idea is it's "important to be ready."
- Topic Sentence: Graduating from high school is important for many different reasons.
- The topic is "graduating from high school" and the controlling idea is "many different reasons."
- Topic Sentence: Having a first child is difficult because of the significant adjustments in your life.
- The topic is "having a first child" and the controlling idea is "significant adjustments in your life."
- Topic Sentence: Remodeling a kitchen successfully requires research and a good eye.
- The topic is "remodeling a kitchen" and the controlling idea is "requires research and a good eye."
A carefully thought out topic sentence has two functions. First, it helps you, the author, to stay focused. Second, a clearly stated topic and controlling idea will give readers the tools they need to clearly understand what you have to say.
Remember that topic sentences set the tone for the paragraph and should relate back to the thesis or the main idea of the paper.