The Second Industrial Revolution Essay
By the time of the Civil War, the technologies upon which the First Industrial Revolution was based were established in the United States. In the years following the war, the nation's industrial energies were focused on completing the railroad and telegraph networks of the North, rebuilding those of the South, and expanding those of the West. Once the devastating depression of the 1870’s depleted, the stage was set for the Second Industrial Revolution.
New inventions came about to ease the production of goods that were being supplied. The creation of factories emerged by retailers who were struggling to meet the requirements of the masses surrounding them. The formation of power driven machinery was initiated in order to compete with others. These machines began to replace skilled craftspeople. Since this involved less people, labor costs were reduced, as well as the prices for the goods that were produced. Depending on the country’s needs, the machinery produced products by the thousands or even millions.
The impact of these new inventions caused a dramatic drop of the life expectancy of the average citizen. Because most families were rather poor, everyone had to work. Since there were no child labor laws, children were sent to work in coal mines, and silk mills. Women also had to work, mostly in textiles factories or as seamstresses. Women and children were expected to work up to sixteen hours a day, doing labor that could cause serious injury, such as carrying extremely heavy loads. They were paid very low wages for their work. Women were paid around five shillings per week, and children were paid about one. Prior to the industrialization, women were never considered as an economic working force, but instead to take care of the household. During the industrialization, women had a big impact on the future but it was not easy for them, since it was often difficult to achieve their goals for equality in the male dominated society. Upon entering World War I, women hoped for more rights. They also had hopes of becoming equal to the white male. Without women, the Industrial Revolution would have never come about. Women make up roughly fifty percent of the world’s population; therefore a revolution without women would have been impossible since they were an important work force, such as in cotton factories or other textile manufacturing markets. For the first time as a work force, and a strong political voice, without women the industrial revolution would have failed.
In the late 19’th century, many new immigrants came to America with hopes to escape religious and political persecution, to find better employment opportunities, for more freedoms, and a chance to start over again. The immigrant work force grew fast as the demand for factory labor grew. These immigrants were important to industrialization in the United States. They were willing to work in unsanitary work conditions for little pay. Because of this, American industries were able...
Loading: Checking Spelling0%
How Did the Role of the Jewish People Change During the Second Industrial Revolution?895 words - 4 pages The Jews in Europe were treated very poorly until a reform began in the late eighteenth century. The Jews lived in ghettos where they were not even considered citizens. The Jewish Enlightenment questioned this treatment. Emancipation is defined as, "the legal process, which began in Europe with the French Revolution, or granting to the jews equal civic rights in the countries in which they reside." The Jewish emancipation occurred...
"The second Industrial revolution and historic happenings of that time"(Includes the idea of laissez fairieism and the New Deal)2623 words - 10 pages The second Industrial revolution and historic happenings of that timeThe second Industrial revolution was a time for social and government reforms. It was a time when capitalism strived and society's ways of thinking and governing were challenged. It also was a time when technological advances took place, significantly changing...
The Industrial Revolution906 words - 4 pages Without the industrial revolution, our entire population would be living laborious, impoverished, pitiful lives. The industrial revolution was characterized by the agricultural revolution before it and the class tensions brought by it. Many have identified the industrial revolution as a mixed blessing, even though some of our simplest technology has come from the industrial revolution. Even the communist
The Industrial Revolution761 words - 3 pages The Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution is a term usually applied to the social and economic changes that mark the transition from a stable agricultural and commercial society, to a modern industrial society relying on complex machinery rather than tools. There have been numerous debates to the use of this term because the word "revolution" suggests sudden, violent, unparalleled change. Even though there was an unparalleled...
The Convoluted Industrial Revolution908 words - 4 pages The Industrial Revolution was an era of technological growth that rapidly met the demands of consumers’ needs, despite having social and economic injustices. The revolution was worth a few generations of suffering because it bettered the future lives of many. The Industrial Revolution negatively affected numerous people, but this “suffering” was a prior problem and in fact, proved ultimately beneficial; in addition, the revolution brought about...
The Industrial Revolution946 words - 4 pages The Industrial Revolution changed many lives forever, and advanced technology to an extent that was only imaginable, some would call this an age of progress in Europe. One main question to ask is; what is progress? Progress is defined as moving forward or improving, and in the case of the Industrial Revolution advancing society as a whole....
The Industrial Revolution - 2012 words2012 words - 8 pages Think about your life for one second: you communicate with people, travel, make purchases, and utilize those commodities. But have you ever wondered what made those things possible? After all, you go to the store to buy things you need. You drive a car to work and to visit your friends. If you need to talk to someone, you simply pick up your phone or computer. However, none of this would be possible without a means of communication, factories to...
The Industrial Revolution - 645 words645 words - 3 pages The industrial revolution may be defined as the culmination of radical socioeconomic changes that are brought about when there is a shift from home-based hand manufacturing to large-scale factory production. From 1750 to 1870, an Industrial Revolution occurred beginning in Manchester England, spreading throughout the world. This period is marked by invention,...
The industrial revolution1932 words - 8 pages The Industrial Revolution (ca. 1750s - 1914) Causes of the Industrial Revolution (conditions of pre-industrial Europe pre-1750): Factor 1: "The Agricultural Revolution" - New Crops (from the New World): Corn and Potatoes - New Farming Methods: Enclosure Movement in Britain - Parliament passed laws to allow landowners to fence off land - Allowed owners to better practice...
The Industrial Revolution - 1065 words1065 words - 4 pages During the 18th century, England's colonies provided a market for manufactured products. The manufacture and export of various cloths were essential to the English economy at this time. Before the Industrial Revolution, materials were produced under the putting-out system, in which merchant clothiers had there work done in the homes of artisans or farming families. This was called the "cottage industry." Production was limited by the...
The First Industrial Revolution1062 words - 4 pages Part A. The two most significant social consequences of the First Industrial Revolution (c. 1780-1850) are urbanization and child labor. Because people moved from rural areas into cities, the living conditions changed for the worse and with the invention of the steam-operated power loom in 1785, children were able to operate this simple machine and produce textiles for the exploding population ("Begins," n.d.). The Industrial Revolution began...
The Second Industrial Revolution
- Length: 335 words (1 double-spaced pages)
- Rating: Excellent
The Second Industrial Revolution brought unity and prosperity to the once uneconomical Europe. Products such as railroads, coal, iron, and textiles, as well as the discovery of electricity, and use of chemicals, petroleum, and steel, are all contributes to what is referred to as the Second Industrial Revolution. These products brought improvement and advancement to all social classes.
The Middle Class was profited greatly due to the Revolution. Some were even starting to merge with upper class due to the wealth of entrepreneurs, marriages of upper middle class to upper class, and such. Schools also helped them find unity where upper middle class sons were allowed to study with elite upper class.
Steel being substituted for iron was one of the original changes made during the Second Industrial revolution. This change made smaller and faster engines and better railways and ships. The new transportation advances such as the construction of many new rail lines (due to the substitution of iron for steel) made it possible for all social classes to travel and be tourist. It was very popular on weekends for working and middle class to travel to amusement parks, to the beach, dancehalls, or sport stadiums, where they could watch a newly organized professional sport.
Discoveries in mmedicine and the environment improved nutrition as well as reduced unsanitary urban environments which carried diseases, poor water quality, and unproper removals of sewage. Urbanization is the term used to described the boom in population during this time in urban areas. Sanitary reforms stepped up during this time and developed ways to sanitize the most filthy parts of Europe.
Many women struggled with the “Woman question” during this time.
How to Cite this Page
|The Second Industrial Revolution and International Relations Essay - The Second Industrial Revolution and International Relations Thru-out the last century, technical innovations have enabled people to live better and more productive lives. Humans have evolved thru time, and as we have evolved, so must or technology. Things would be quite difficult in 2012 if we were still relying on the technology from 1812. Innovation is part of the human spirit but is often oppressed due to the political situations one may be under. Edward Gibbon (n.d.), an English historian of Rome said it best with one of his famous quotes; “All that is human must retrograde if it does not advance” Today, business is conducted on a global scale.... [tags: Technology]||1316 words|
| Women in the Second Industrial Revolution Essay - Women in the Second Industrial Revolution The Second Industrial Revolution had a major impact on women's lives. After being controlled fro so long women were experiencing what it was like to live an independent life. In the late nineteenth century women were participating in a variety of experiences, such as social disabilities confronted by all women, new employment patterns, and working class poverty and prostitution. These experiences will show how women were perceived in the Second Industrial Revolution.... [tags: Essays Papers]|
:: 7 Works Cited
| Changes Brought Forth by the Second Industrial Revolution Essay - Throughout the decades America has seen many changes in technology, social standards, fashion, and education, but no time proves to hold as much change as the era of the second revolutionary period. The second industrial revolution changed America in countless ways, and is in important reason why America is the way it is today. Thanks to the second industrial revolution we were able to invent billions of new things that led us to the technology we all know and love. The second industrial revolution brought many changes to America as you will see from the social progress, inventions, and workforces.... [tags: technology, social standards, fashion, education]|
:: 4 Works Cited
| The Second Industrial Revolution: Opening the Door to the Modern Era Essay - The initial Industrial Revolution sparked the engine that began driving humanity into a new age of technological, economic, political, and social advancements. The Second Industrial revolution propelled society even further in these areas. It brought about innovation in steel production through the Bessemer system, a growing usage of electricity, scientific discoveries such as synthetic dyes, transportation systems, and communication. These innovation, unbeknownst to many, were the keys to driving society into the modern era.... [tags: Bessemer steel production system, electricity]|
:: 1 Works Cited
| Britian´s First and Second Industrial Revolution Essay - Although there are many different thoughts on when the Industrial Revolution took place and the time span of it, but there were two distinct and different eras which took place. This paper will discuss Britain’s First Industrial Revolution and the Second Industrial Revolution by comparing and contrasting the two distinctly different eras. England was the starting place of the First Industrial Revolution which started in approximately 1733 when the demand for cotton cloth was in high demand but the production was low by inventor John Kay, a British weaver who pioneered the “flying shuttle, which cut weaving time in half” .... [tags: eras, production, inventions, costs]|
:: 2 Works Cited
|The Second Industrial Revolution Essay - The Second Industrial Revolution brought unity and prosperity to the once uneconomical Europe. Products such as railroads, coal, iron, and textiles, as well as the discovery of electricity, and use of chemicals, petroleum, and steel, are all contributes to what is referred to as the Second Industrial Revolution. These products brought improvement and advancement to all social classes. The Middle Class was profited greatly due to the Revolution. Some were even starting to merge with upper class due to the wealth of entrepreneurs, marriages of upper middle class to upper class, and such.... [tags: essays research papers]||335 words|
|The Second Industrial Revolution Essay - By the time of the Civil War, the technologies upon which the First Industrial Revolution was based were established in the United States. In the years following the war, the nation's industrial energies were focused on completing the railroad and telegraph networks of the North, rebuilding those of the South, and expanding those of the West. Once the devastating depression of the 1870’s depleted, the stage was set for the Second Industrial Revolution. New inventions came about to ease the production of goods that were being supplied.... [tags: American History]||1428 words|
|Essay on Andrew Carnegie and the the Second Industrial Revolution - Andrew Carnegie and the the Second Industrial Revolution Andrew Carnegie, the “King of Steel”, the benevolent employer, the giant of industry, was among the greatest influences of the second industrial revolution. It is sometimes questioned whether Carnegie was the ruthless, sneaky steel tyrant some made him out to be, or the generous, benevolent education benefactor he appeared to be. I believe him to be a combination of both, but more so the great giant of industry. Carnegie was the classic rags to riches story, the penniless immigrant who made it big in the land of opportunity.... [tags: American History]||573 words|
|Urban Life During the Second Industrial Revolution Essay - Urban Life During the Second Industrial Revolution The trend towards densely populated urban centers begun in 1800's continued into the 1900's. Man's development of urban centers was a major step away from what seemed to be nature's way of living: on farms and sparsely placed homesteads. Industrial production required hundreds of thousands of workers and, especially in the second industrial revolution, scientists. The urban centers that emerged during this period, such as Paris, London, and Berlin, were quickly changing the ratios of population from rural to urban Berlin's population, for example, went from 66% rural in 1871 to almost 66% urban before the first World War (see "The Secon... [tags: essays research papers yyy]||820 words|
| How Did the Role of the Jewish People Change During the Second Industrial Revolution? - The Jews in Europe were treated very poorly until a reform began in the late eighteenth century. The Jews lived in ghettos where they were not even considered citizens. The Jewish Enlightenment questioned this treatment. Emancipation is defined as, "the legal process, which began in Europe with the French Revolution, or granting to the jews equal civic rights in the countries in which they reside." The Jewish emancipation occurred during the Second Industrial Revolution due to the rise of nation-state and mercantilism (Calgary).... [tags: Essays Papers]|
:: 6 Works Cited
Second Industrial Revolution Upper Class Stay Home Middle Class Urban Areas Water Quality
Should a woman stay home and do the only considered honorable job of being a wife and mother or should she apply herself in the workforce and bring additional income to her family. Women could only work low paying “white collar jobs” such as being a secretary; yet these jobs gave women a sense of importance & worth.