Basic Ethical Principles Essay

Ethical Theories and Major Moral Principles Essay

5111 Words21 Pages

Some people claim that everyone has his or her own ethics, in other words, ethics is individual. The amazing thing about ethical theory, however, is not that there are so many theories, but that there are really very few. Most of contemporary ethical theory is governed by two basic theories, with an additional five or six theories taking up the vast majority of the rest of the discussion. Over the course of the next few pages I will explain to you the basics of eight different ethical theories: utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, contractarianism, feminist or care-based ethics, natural law theory, Confucian ethics, intuitionism and ideal observer theory, and virtue ethics. I will tell you about some of the major proponents of the theory, some…show more content…

Since Cephalus agrees with Plato's character, Socrates, he does nothing to justify the principle further. In order to have an ethical theory you need to be able to justify whatever principle you have arrived at using reason (an argument). The arguments in favor of each of the moral principles to which you will be exposed in this article are very long and complicated. I will give you some of the major premises (reasons) in this paper, but to really understand how the theory is justified you would need to read some of the work (articles and books) of the major proponents of the theory.

Most of the philosophical articles we will be reading in this class will be in applied ethics, not ethical theory. In applied ethics we take an ethical theory and apply it to a particular situation. Although some applied ethicists will spend some time on theory (i.e. showing why this theory is justified and/or why a rival theory is untenable), the bulk of the work they do is focused on being sure that they have the facts of the matter right (no easy question), being sure they have all the relevant facts, and arguing that this is the appropriate way to apply this ethical theory to these facts. For this reason, while it is necessary that you have a passing understanding of the major ethical theories, particularly Kantian ethics, utilitarianism, contractarianism, and feminist ethics, it would

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Essay about The Six Ethical Principles

1620 Words7 Pages

The Six Ethical Principles

When most people think of ethics or morals, they think of rules for differentiating between right and wrong, of rules regarding what is right or prudent. Ethics and morality assist us in reasoning and finding an answer when we find ourselves asking: “What should we do? How should we behave when faced with certain circumstances?” Rehabilitation counselors are professionals capable of making judgments, applying their skills and reaching informed decisions in situations that the general public cannot. Rehabilitation counselors are often confronted with situations which require sound ethical decision making ability. Rehabilitation counselors are committed to facilitating the personal, social, and economic…show more content…

The Six Ethical Principles

When most people think of ethics or morals, they think of rules for differentiating between right and wrong, of rules regarding what is right or prudent. Ethics and morality assist us in reasoning and finding an answer when we find ourselves asking: “What should we do? How should we behave when faced with certain circumstances?” Rehabilitation counselors are professionals capable of making judgments, applying their skills and reaching informed decisions in situations that the general public cannot. Rehabilitation counselors are often confronted with situations which require sound ethical decision making ability. Rehabilitation counselors are committed to facilitating the personal, social, and economic independence of individuals with disabilities. Determining the appropriate course to take when confronted with a difficult ethical dilemma can be a challenge. In a perfect world, laws at all levels and all relevant codes of ethics would be perfectly in tune with one another, but this is not always the case. Ethical codes and guidelines cannot give all the answers to all situations that a counselor is forced to confront. There may be times when counselors may encounter a situation in where they must exercise personal and professional judgment because legal and professional requirement are inconsistent. At times the counselor may have to choose between actions that are legal, but not ethical, as in the case of a client that has expressed

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