10 Things I Hate About You Film Techniques Essay

"I hate the way you talk to me, and the way you cut your hair.
I hate the way you drive my car, I hate it when you stare.
I hate your big dumb combat boots and the way you read my mind;
I hate you so much it makes me sick, it even makes me rhyme.
I hate the way you're always right, I hate it when you lie,
I hate it when you make me laugh, even worse when you make me cry.
I hate it when you're not around, and the fact that you didn't call,
But mostly I hate the way I don't hate you, not even close, not even a little bit, not even at all."

  • Above the Influence: A minor version, as Patrick was taking care of a very drunk Kat at the party but she had seemed to sober up by the time they got home. They started to connect in the driveway and she leaned in for a kiss, only for Patrick to back off. She was annoyed and storms off, but it's the first implication that Patrick was starting to like her and feeling guilty for the payoff.
  • Accidental Misnaming:
    • In the space of a few lines when Bianca first speaks to Cameron, she gets his name wrong twice, calling him Curtis and Calvin. He corrects her the first time, but not the second.
    • Joey too, in the scene after the doctored flyers for Bogey's party are distributed. Joey calls him Bogey Lowenbrau while talking to Bianca.
  • All Girls Want Bad Boys: Subverted with Katarina and Patrick. She only starts to like him when he's not being a jerk and it's his persistence that wins her over, not his bad boy charms.
    • But played straight with Bianca falling for Joey. That is, until she also subverts it by falling for Cameron.
  • Alliterative Name: Robert "Bobby" Ridgeway.
  • All Periods Are PMS: Katerina's father calls her out on this, after she dents Joey's car in a bout of anger: "My insurance policy does not cover PMS!"
  • Almost Kiss: After the party Kat leans in for a kiss and Patrick pulls away, showing he was starting to connect with her.
  • Amusing Injuries: Bianca accidentally firing an arrow into her teacher's backside.
  • And This Is for...: Bianca does this to Joey near the end of the movie. It's immensely satisfying.
  • Angry Black Man: The English teacher Mr. Morgan, sort of.
    • Lampshaded with the White Rastas when they try to join in on Mr. Morgan's righteous indignation about the lack of black authors on the school curriculum, only to be reminded they're not actually black.

    Michael: These delusionals are your White Rastas. Big Marley fans, they think they're black. Semi-political, but mostly...
    Cameron: ...Smoke a lot of weed?

  • Attention Whore: Kat implies early on that Bianca is one.

    Bianca: Where did you come from? Planet "Loser"?
    Kat: As opposed to Planet "Look At Me, Look At Me"?

  • Aww, Look! They Really Do Love Each Other: Kat reluctantly agrees to go to Bogey's party so that Bianca can, even if it means Bianca will likely run into Joey.
    • Kat also agreeing to go to the prom, despite having criticised it repeatedly earlier, so that Bianca can attend.
    • Mr. Stratford sends Sarah Lawrence a check at the end so Kat can attend, even though he initially wanted her to stay close to home. When he tells Kat this, she's so happy she actually hugs him.
  • Bad Guys Play Pool: Just to reinforce his badassitude, Patrick is shown smoking and playing pool in a bar before Cameron comes to tell him how to impress Kat.
  • Bad News in a Good Way:

    Cameron: We're screwed.
    Michael: Hey, no, hey. I don't want to hear that defeatist attitude. I want to hear you upbeat.
    Cameron:[upbeat)] We're screwed!
    Michael: There you go.

  • Because I Said So: Their father, sort of, and also Kat towards Bianca's wish to date Joey. She doesn't explain why till the end of the movie. Kat slept with Joey once. When she said she didn't want to do it again, he dumped her.
  • The Bet: Subverted and, in a way, played straight. Joey is actually just after Bianca because his friends bet him he couldn't sleep with her, but by the time Bianca finds out about this she's already become disenchanted with Joey and realized that Cameron is the better guy. Patrick, while not betting on anything himself, is the one who catches the consequences of the trope when Kat finds out that he was paid to take her out.
  • Beta Couple: Cameron and Bianca become this to Kat and Patrick after Bianca realizes Cameron is a better person than Joey.
  • Betty and Veronica: Cameron and Joey for Bianca.
  • Big Fancy House: Bogey Lowenstein's house.
  • Bilingual Bonus: Unlike the other French lesson dialogue, Cameron's French cursing is not subtitled.
  • Bitch in Sheep's Clothing: Michael makes Bianca out to be one at the start of the film.
    • Chastity. She reveals her true colours at Bogey's party when she goes off with Joey afterwards (Bianca even calls her a bitch after that happens), then shows up at the prom with Joey seemingly just to rub it in Bianca's face that Joey was going to nail her after the prom all because of a bet with his friends.
  • Black Best Friend: Chastity is this for Bianca (at first), and Joey also has one. He's the guy in the blue shirt who tells Joey that Bianca is out of his (Joey's) reach.
  • Blue Is Heroic: Played straight with Cameron and Michael, who both wear blue and navy shirts/tops quite a lot.
  • Brick Joke: Early in the movie Patrick drills a hole in Cameron's French textbook. The hole remains for the rest of the movie, making for several scenes where the already clueless Cameron is attempting to learn French from a useless book.
  • Bunny-Ears Lawyer: The guidance counselor.

    Cameron: Did you just say ... am I in the right office?

  • Calling the Old Man Out: Mr. Stratford, being an Overprotective Dad, gets three small ones, one from Kat and two from Bianca, where Kat lays into him for not letting her attend Sarah Lawrence and to stop trying to control her life because he can't seem to control his, and Bianca even calls him severely unhinged when he won't allow her to attend the prom if Kat isn't going.
  • The Cast Showoff: In-universe. Averted with Cameron, who signs up as Bianca's French tutor in order to get close to her, despite being unable to speak French. In real life, Joseph Gordon-Levitt speaks fluent French.

    Michael: She's actually looking for a French tutor...
    Cameron: Are you serious? That's perfect!
    Michael: Do you speak French?
    Cameron: Well, no, but I will!

  • Chekhov's Gun: The money Joey is paying Patrick to date Kat, and the Fender Strat guitar Kat is seen with in the music store. At the end of the film, Patrick reveals to Kat he used the money to get the guitar for her. Possibly subverted in that it may not be the same guitar, but the idea still stands.
  • Compensating for Something: Joey's expensive sports car (see Teeny Weenie).
  • Composite Character: Joey is one for the original Taming of the Shrew's Gremio and Hortensio.
  • Cool Car: Joey's sports car, a red Chevrolet Camaro Z28 (the Z28 badge can be seen when Kat dents it). Averted with Kat's beat-up Ford, highlighting the difference between her and the other students, best seen in her Establishing Character Moment.
  • Cool Teacher: Mr. Morgan seems perpetually annoyed with his class, but he has a lot of passion and is very upfront with his students. Most notably, he turned one of Shakepeare's sonnets into a rap, inspiring Kat. "I know Shakespeare is a dead white guy, but he knows his shit."
  • Deadpan Snarker: See World of Snark.
  • Death Glare: Kat when we first see her. It comes with an Establishing Character Moment.
    • Walter gives Joey one on prom night when the latter turns up at the Stratford house to pick up Bianca, before wordlessly slamming the door in Joey's face.
  • Decoy Protagonist: The film follows Cameron as the main character before the introduction of Kat and Patrick.
  • Defrosting Ice Queen: Kat, to the point that as she reads her poem at the end, she's reduced to tears towards the end.
  • Disappeared Dad: Implied with Patrick, as he tells Kat he lived in Australia with his mother until he was ten, without mentioning his father.
  • Distracted by the Sexy: Kat deliberately invokes this to get Patrick out of detention.
  • Does Not Like Men: Kat, in keeping with the original. It's eventually subverted, however.
  • Does Not Like Shoes: Kat again. She only ever wears unflattering thick flip-flops and mostly goes barefoot around her house.
  • Does Not Like Spam: Kat tells Patrick to tell her something true about himself, so he tells her he hates peas.
  • Dysfunctional Family: The Stratfords, largely due to Mr Stratford being an Overprotective Dad who doesn't want his daughters to grow up and live their own lives. In Kat's words, he controls their lives because he can't control his.
  • Establishing Character Moment: The movie opens with perky pop song playing over fun, bouncing credits, as four perky pretty girls roll up to a stop sign in a brightly-coloured sports car... then the pop music is rapidly drowned out by Joan Jett's "Bad Reputation", as a lone, sour-faced young woman rolls up next to them in a beat-up Ford, glaring. Six minutes before we learn her name, five minutes before she ever speaks, and we already know Kat's basic character.
    • Also captured in that wonderful exchange with Miss Perky:

    Ms. Perky: People perceive you as somewhat...
    Kat: Tempestuous?
    Ms. Perky: "Heinous bitch" is the term used most often.
    Kat:[pleased smile]

  • Exact Words: Kat tells Joey to stay away from Bianca during the party scene. Joey responds with this: "Oh, I'll stay away from your sister. But I can't guarantee she'll stay away from me." Sure enough, Bianca runs into Joey, but she soon sees Kat's point about him.
  • Even the Guys Want Him: After Heath Ledger finished his audition, the director turned to his mostly female staff and said "I'm not gay. But if I was, that is the kind of guy I'd want to sleep with."
  • Everything Sounds Sexier in French: Subverted with Cameron and Bianca's decidedly unromantic French tutoring sessions, to Cameron's disappointment.

    Cameron: I thought we could start with pronunciation?
    Bianca: Ugh, not the hacking and gagging and spitting part, please.

  • Extreme Omnivore: Subverted. One of the stories going around about Patrick is that he apparently ate a whole live duck, save for the beak and feet. The story turns out to be untrue.
  • Face Doodling: Actually took place while the character was awake. Joey doodles on Michael's face as he's trying to speak.

    Michael: I have a dick on my face, don't I?

  • Failed a Spot Check: Cameron doesn't notice for a while the hole Patrick has drilled in his French textbook. It makes for a funny moment when he finally does notice.
  • False Friend: Chastity. Although she starts off as the Black Best Friend to Bianca, she betrays her first by taking her date (Joey) after he dumps her, then rubs Bianca's face in it afterwards by revealing that he dated her only over a bet with his buddies in the first place.
  • Flat Character: Well averted. Cameron, Michael, Kat, Bianca and Patrick all turn out to have Hidden Depths.
  • Flipping the Bird: Miss Perky does it to someone who throws something at her window while she's talking to Cameron.
  • Foreshadowing:
    • Mr Morgan insulting Joey in his class ("Someday you're gonna get bitch-slapped, and I'm not going to do a thing to stop it" and then "Unless she kicked the crap out of your dumb butt, I don't want to hear about it") sets up how Joey will get his ass handed to him by Bianca at the prom.
    • Bianca tells Cameron in their first meeting that Kat used to be popular but an "unsolved mystery" caused her to become cold and antisocial. Bianca later finds out that it was because Kat went out with Joey before and they went all the way, but when Kat told Joey she wasn't ready to do it again, he dumped her.
    • At Bogey's party, when Kat saw Bianca with Joey, Kat tried to get Bianca alone, but Bianca told her to go away. Kat was going to tell Bianca about her past relationship with Joey that she (and the audience) find out about later.
  • Full-Name Basis: We only hear Kat's full name of Katarina spoken twice, first by Mr. Stratford when he first appears and again when Cameron asks a group of guys if any of them would be interested in dating her.
  • Funny Background Event: As Bianca is trying to fire her bow, Joey tries to talk to her. The result is that the arrow misses the target and hits the teacher insteadnote The Coach was kind of asking for it standing in front of the firing line. He was clearly away from the line of fire but Bianca had turned about 60 degrees to her left between Joey's appearance and letting the arrow go. Regardless, that's why the general rule is to stay behind the firing line. Bianca even stops to look before going right back to her conversation.
    • When Coach Chapin is supervising detention several scenes later, he still visibly has trouble sitting down due to his earlier injury.
  • Get Out: Mr. Morgan sends Kat out of his class twice. The second time, she's genuinely interested, but he thinks she's mocking him.
  • The Glorious War of Sisterly Rivalry: Unsurprising, given that this also applies to the original.
  • Groin Attack: Bianca to Joey after finding out he placed a bet to nail her on prom night. And the audience cheers.
    • A Noodle Incident equivalent happens in Kat's backstory. ("I still maintain that he kicked himself in the balls.")
    • When Michael is on his bike and accidentally goes tumbling down a hill, he shouts "My balls!" during one of the bounces.
  • The Grovel: After getting Kat so royally pissed off at him that she won't speak to him, Patrick is instructed to "sacrifice yourself on the altar of dignity and even the score." No actual groveling is involved - Patrick opts for a marching-band-assisted rendition of "Can't Take My Eyes Off Of You" in the middle of her soccer practice instead - but the effect is the same, especially as it also nets him detention.
  • Heel Realisation

    Cameron: Have you always been this selfish?
    Bianca: ...Yes.

  • Held Gaze: One between Kat and Patrick, which turns into an Almost Kiss but then Patrick looks away, killing the moment. This also happens between Cameron and Bianca as well.
  • Hello, Nurse!: Bianca is this, at least in the eyes of Cameron and Joey. Michael instead sees her as a Bitch in Sheep's Clothing, at least at first.
  • "Hell, Yes!" Moment: Kat has one when she receives mail from Sarah Lawrence and sees that she got accepted.
  • Heroes Gone Fishing: A lot of it.
    • Patrick is playing pool in a bar when Cameron and Michael tell him about Kat's likes and dislikes, which Cameron found out from Bianca.
    • Kat is seen at Club Skunk when Patrick goes there to try and get to know her better, armed with facts about her that Cameron told him.
    • The party at Bogey's house features loads of characters doing this.
    • Kat is seen in the music store playing the guitar, and then in a bookshop, where Patrick finds her.
    • Kat and Patrick do this after Kat sneaks Patrick out of detention, where they rent a pedalo and then go paint-balling.
    • When Bianca once again asks Mr. Stratford if she can go to the prom, he's doing exercises on the back patio.
    • At the prom, Patrick tells Kat he was in Milwaukee the year before, looking after his grandfather, which consisted (from what we hear) of watching Wheel of Fortune and making SpaghettiOs.
    • Cameron wants Bianca to go sailing with him, and after the prom, she agrees to. Their last scene is of the two of them heading off to go sailing.
  • "Hey, You!" Haymaker: Bianca lays one on Joey at the dance.
  • High School A.U.: It's pretty much just The Taming of the Shrew with high school and more modern things.
  • High-School Dance: Well, yes.
  • Hilarious Outtakes: "Can I get a prophylactic?"
    • "Are you kidding me?"
    • In a subversion of the Almost Kiss that happens in the film, Ledger instead accepts the invitation and pulls Stiles into a big, sloppy kiss.
  • Hollywood Geography: Anyone who's ever lived in Seattle will be somewhat bemused by how quickly they get from various points of the city to others.
    • An example: It's a 45 minute drive from Stadium High School in Tacoma (where the actual school building is located) to the docks where they rent the boat when they escape detention.
  • Hormone-Addled Teenager: Played pretty straight with Bianca, Cameron, and Joey; spectacularly averted with Kat.
  • Hypocritical Humor: While Cameron and Bianca are going through Kat's bedroom so that Cameron can clue Patrick in on Kat's likes and dislikes, Bianca refuses to let Cameron see her own room because "a girl's room is very personal". Bear in mind this is after Bianca has shown Cameron a pair of Kat's panties.
  • I Meant to Do That: Michael, on his scooter, swerves out of the way of an oncoming truck and careers down a grassy hill towards the sports field. After he falls off, he gets up, sees the crowd up at the top and cheers with his arms in the air, invoking this trope.
  • Informed Ability: Kat is supposed to be a good student, being apparently well-read and with high enough grades to get her a place at Sarah Lawrence, but her attempt at iambic pentameter poetry leaves something to be desired.
  • Instantly Proven Wrong: When New Transfer Student Cameron met Michael, he commented he was thankful that for once the teachers didn't send down "one of those audio visual geeks" to show him around on his first day. Michael laughed at it, which is of course when a guy carrying a bunch of audio visual equipment walks to him and asked "Hey Michael, where should I put those slides?"
  • It's All About Me: Joey has this attitude. It's this that causes Bianca to realise that Cameron is the better guy and that Joey doesn't really care about her.
    • Bianca at first. Best exemplified early on when she says, "Can we just focus on me for a second, please?" She drops it after Cameron calls her out on her behaviour.
  • Jerkass: Joey. He makes a bet with his friends that he can get his way with Bianca whether she wants it or not, even trying to do so after she has realised Cameron is better than him, and we later learn that he dumped Kat after she told him that after they slept together, she wasn't ready to do it again.
  • Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Subverted with Patrick, specifically the jerk part. He's a loner and more than a bit abrasive about the whole bet thing, but as it turns out much of his reputation is just rumors.
    • Mr Stratford. True, he may want what he feels is best for Kat and Bianca, but he does it by essentially not wanting them to grow up and have their own lives and doing what they want, coming across as an overprotective jerk in the process. He still loves them, though, and despite not wanting Kat to attend Sarah Lawrence, at the end he does allow her to do so, and is impressed when he learns Bianca beat the hell out of Joey.
    • Kat. She comes across as a jerk to almost everyone due to what happened between her and Joey in the backstory. She refuses to let Bianca date Joey or to date anyone seemingly just so Bianca can't. She's still a good person under it all and Bianca sees Kat's point eventually about Joey. Of course, her good side comes round full-circle when she decides to go to the prom just so Bianca can attend and have a good time.
  • Kick the Dog: Joey steals Bianca away from Cameron at the party and as they walk away from him, Joey flashes him a smug smile and a sarcastic thumbs-up.
  • Kick the Son of a Bitch: Kat does this twice to Joey.
  • Laser-Guided Karma: For parking in the middle of the road, right behind Kat's car to annoy her, Kat delivers instant karma by reversing into Joey's car, denting it.
    • Michael is kicked out of the Ivy League group at Padua for a petty reason by Bogey Lowenstein, so Michael gets his revenge by planning a house party at Bogey's house without Bogey knowing about it. It also has a side effect for the main characters in that it gives Joey, then Cameron, an excuse to get with Bianca.
    • Also, when Bianca finds out about Joey's ultimate aim to have his way with her on prom night, and now knowing about what he did to Kat in the past, she furiously attacks him.
  • Lighter and Softer: The Taming of the Shrew was a good bit more misogynistic.
    • Also received a tone-shift between script drafts; the original screenplay is much darker, including a subplot about a suicidal Mandella.
  • Light Is Not Good: Joey wears a few white outfits, such as a white tank top, which he wears when he first bribes Patrick to go out with Kat, and the white suit jacket he wears to the prom.
  • Manic Pixie Dream Girl: Cameron has this view towards Bianca, hence the lengths he goes to get her. He gets a rude awakening at the party when she darts off to hang with Joey, and he starts seeing and treating her more like a person. For her part, she also recognizes how shallow she had been.
  • Meaningful Name: Kat and Bianca's last name (after Stratford-on-Avon), as well as Patrick's last name, and Padua High School.
    • Cameron James is named after King James, who ruled during Shakespeare's life.
  • Megaphone Hanging: Stacks of Shakespeare references.

    Cameron:I burn, I pine, I perish!
    Michael: ...Sure you do.

  • Military Brat: In Cameron's first scene, Miss Perky remarks that Cameron has been to nine schools in ten years and asks if he is one. He responds that he is, as his father is in the military, but we don't find out any more as Miss Perky cuts him off.
  • Mills and Boon Prose: A guidance counselor, who writes bad sex novels, wants to know another word for "engorged".
    • Swollen.
    • Turgid.
    • Tumescent?
    • Perfect!
    • Bratwurst.

      "I'll let you get back to Reginald's quivering member."
      "I've got deviants to see and a novel to finish... now SCOOT!"

  • Missing Mom: Kat and Bianca's mother is absent, and only gets a mention whenever Bianca puts on a set of her pearls before going out.
    • She gets a few more mentions, the implication being that she left the family, and that left the dad feeling out of control, explaining why he's so overprotective of his daughters. She seemed to have been a character in an older version of the script.
      • Whether she left in a taxi or a hearse is never established, but frankly it doesn't change much.
      • In the original script, their mother was present, but spent all of her time at the computer writing romance novels. All of the gags surrounding Ms. Perky's novels originally belonged to Mrs. Stratford.
    • In the series, she's dead.
  • Moment Killer: While sitting on the swings outside Bogey's party, Kat remarks on Patrick's eyes. It looks like there will be a tender moment between the two, only for Kat to vomit seconds later.
  • Mood Whiplash
  • The film10 Things I Hate About You is a modern day American version of the English play 'Taming of the Shrew' by the poet and play writer William Shakespeare. The modern film incorporates many popular film making techniques used in today's cinemas. These techniques have been used by director Gil Junger in order to demonstrate and communicate adolescent Journey in this film. These techniques include camera angles, lighting, sound and music and props and clothing. These film making techniques have been used by director Gil Junger to communicate and demonstrate adolescent Journey.

    Camera Angles are used in order to demonstrate and communicate the adolescent journey in 10 Thing I Hate About You. Camera distance is used to show adolescence is an emotional time and the status of certain types of adolescents which are affected by how the camera views them. A prime example of this is when Kat attended the party and became drunk beginning to dance in the midst of a crowd on a table. In this scene the camera angle used to depict Kat was known as an inferior camera angle showing Kat dancing drunk on the table which showed her status in doing this act inferior, not only for her own character perception and norm but also for the hooker type attitude she would have developed in doing that. Another example is seen when Patrick sings a solo to his love Kat at her Soccer match. It seen in this seen that the camera is a superior angle to Patrick as he sings 'Can't Get My Eyes Off You' to Kat. This symbolizes that the act that Patrick has just preformed has lifted his status from what was once an inferior person chasing Kat to what is now a person who has caught up to Kat and has won the war of taming her. These camera angels clearly show that camera angles are used to demonstrate and communicate the adolescent journey in 10 Things I Hate About You.

    10 Things I hate about You also includes many lighting techniques to demonstrate adolescent Journey. Lighting is used to show the experiences of adolescents and that adolescents go through a journey during this stage from leaving childhood to entering adulthood and that sometimes this can be a difficult transition for some adolescents. A clear case in 10 Things I Hate About You were lighting is used, is at the Party scene whereby Kat leaves the Party where it is illuminated brightly and clear and moves outside to a scene where it is a darkened night and not as visible. This demonstrates that in the party there must have been excitement, delightment, enthusiasm and pleasure to a backyard that was gloomy, bleak, depressing and disheartening. Evidently in 10 Things I hate About You the director Gil Junger has demonstrated an adolescent journey through many lightning techniques that he has emphasized throughout the film.

    In the film 10 Things I hate About You Gil Junger also uses sound in order to demonstrate and communicate adolescent journey. Different sounds and music


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