Pierre Hadot Bibliography Maker


Bibliography, Resources, Links, Information




Advice from Wise Persons: How to Live a Good Life.  Compiled by Michael P. Garofalo. 

Ancient Greek Philosophy

Aristotle (384�322 BCE)   Information on Aristotle:  Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,  Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.  

Aristotle.  The Basic Works of Aristotle.  Edited with an Introduction by Richard McKeon.  New York, Random House, 1941.  1487 pages.  VSCL. 

Aristotle.  Nicomachean Ethics  Translated by Terence Irwin.  Introduction, notes, references.  Hackett Publishing, 2nd Edition.  392 pages.  Kindle Edition.  ISBN: 978-0872204645.  VSCL. 

Aristotle, Kant, and the Stoics: Rethinking Happiness and Duty.   Edited by Stephen Engstrom and Jennifer Whiting.  Cambridge University Press, 1998.  324 pages.  ISBN: 978-0521624978.  

Art and Experience in Classical Greece  By J. J. Pollitt.  Cambridge University Press, 1972, 1999.  Index, bibliography, 208 pages.  ISBN: 0521096626.  VSCL. 

The Art of Living: The Stoics on the Nature and Function of Philosophy.  By John Sellars.  Bristol Classical Press, 2nd Edition, 2009.  240 pages.  ISBN: 978-1853997242. 

The Art of Happiness.  By Epicurus.  Translation, introduction, and commentary by George K. Strodach.  A foreword by Daniel Klein.  New York, Penguin Classics, Reissue edition, 2012.  Index, bibliography, notes, 251 pages.  ISBN:  978-0143107217.  "The teachings of Epicurus�about life and death, religion and science, physical sensation, happiness, morality, and friendship�attracted legions of adherents throughout the ancient Mediterranean world and deeply influenced later European thought. Though Epicurus faced hostile opposition for centuries after his death, he counts among his many admirers Thomas Hobbes, Thomas Jefferson, Karl Marx, and Isaac Newton. This volume includes all of his extant writings�his letters, doctrines, and Vatican sayings�alongside parallel passages from the greatest exponent of his philosophy, Lucretius, extracts from Diogenes Laertius' Life of Epicurus, a lucid introductory essay about Epicurean philosophy, and a foreword by Daniel Klein, author of Travels with Epicurus."   VSCL. 

Art of Living: The Classical Manual on Virtue, Happiness, and Effectiveness  By Epictetus.  An new interpretation, rephrasing, reorganization, and interpolation by Sharon Lebell.  Harper One, 1997.  126 pages.  ISBN: 978-0061286056.  VSCL. 

Art in the Hellenistic Age   By Jerome J. Pollitt. Cambridge University Press, 1986.  Index, notes, bibliography, 329 pages.  ISBN: 0521276721.  VSCL. 

Asceticism.  Wikipedia

Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury  (1671-1713)

Ataraxia   A lucid state of robust tranquility.  A calm and tranquil state of mind cultivated by the Skeptics and Stoics. 



Aurelius, Marcus.  Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus;26 April 121 CE � 17 March 180 CE) was Roman Emperor from 161 to 180. 'He ruled with Lucius Verus as co-emperor from 161 until Verus' death in 169. He was the last of the Five Good Emperors, and is also considered one of the most important Stoic philosophers.  During his reign, the Empire defeated a revitalized Parthian Empire in the East: Aurelius' general Avidius Cassius sacked the capital Ctesiphon in 164. In central Europe, Aurelius fought the Marcomanni, Quadi, and Sarmatians with success during the Marcomannic Wars, although the threat of the Germanic tribes began to represent a troubling reality for the Empire. A revolt in the East led by Avidius Cassius failed to gain momentum and was suppressed immediately.  Marcus Aurelius' Stoic tome Meditations, written in Greek while on campaign between 170 and 180, is still revered as a literary monument to a philosophy of service and duty, describing how to find and preserve equanimity in the midst of conflict by following nature as a source of guidance and inspiration."

Marcus Aurelius (121-180 CE)   Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,  Wikipedia Encyclopedia,  Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 

Marcus Aurelius: A Life  By Frank McLynn.  Da Capo Press, 2010.  720 pages.  ISBN: 978-0306819162. 

Marcus Aurelius: A Biography.  By Anthony R. Birley.  Roman Imperial Biographies Series.  Routledge, 2nd Edition, 2000.  320 pages.  ISBN: 9780415171250.

The Inner Citadel: The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius  By Pierre Hadot.  Translated by Michael Chase.  Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 1998.  Index, notes, 351 pages.  Meditations of Marcus Aurelius Series.  ISBN:  978-0674007077.  VSCL. 

Meditations of the Emperor Marcus Antoninus Aurelius.  Translation and commentary by A. S. L. Farquharson.  2 Volumes in 1944.  Everyman's Library, Reprint Edition, 1992.  280 pages.  ISBN: 9780679412717.

Meditations, by Marcus Aurelius.  Translated by George Long.  Online free version. 

Meditations, by Marcus Aurelius.  Translated by James Moor, 1780.  Online free version. 

Meditations.  By Marcus Aurelius.  Translated by Martin Hammond.  Illustrated by Coralie Bickford-Smith.  Introduction by Diskin Clay.  Hardcover Classics.  New York, Penguin Classics, Reissue Edition, 2014.  General index, index of quotes, extensive notes, 416 pages.  ISBN: 978-0141395869.  VSCL.  Written by the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius in Koine Greek around 160 CE.

Meditations: A New Translation.  By Marcus Aurelius.  Translated by Gregory Hays.  New York, Modern Library, 2002.  256 pages.  ISBN: 978-0679642602.  Kindle Version.  VSCL.  Written by the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius in Koine Greek around 160 CE.

The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius: A Study.   By R. B. Rutherford.  Oxford Classical Monographs, 1989.  Clarendon Press, 1991.  304 pages.  ISBN: 9780198147558. 

Marcus Aurelius, Project Gutenberg

Awaken the Giant Within.  By Anthony Robbins.  Free Press, 1992.  Index, 544 pages.  ISBN: 98-0671791544.  VSCL. 



The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.  Edited with an introduction by Richard Kraut.  Wiley-Blackwell, 2006 pages.  396 pages.  ISBN: 978-1405120210. 

Bibliography   The Stoic Library   Books, articles, websites, themes, history, bibliography, reading lists.  The Internet Archive Wayback Machine.  A number of the referenced links are no longer active.

Broadmindedness, Openess.  Quotations, Sayings, Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.





The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Skepticism.  Edited by Richard Bett.  Cambridge University Press, 2010.  392 pages. ISBN: 978-0521697545. 

The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle.  Edited by Johathan Barnes.  Cambridge University Press, 1995.  434 pages.  ISBN: 978-0521422949

The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy  Edited by Anthony A. Long.  New York, Cambridge University Press, 1999, 2006.  Index, bibliography, index of passages, 427 pages.  ISBN: 0521446678.  VSCL. 

The Cambridge Companion to Epicureanism.  By James Warren.  Cambridge University Press, 2009.  356 pages.  Cambridge Companions to Philosophy.  ISBN: 978-0521695305. 

The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics.  Edited by Brad Inwood.  Cambridge University Press, 2003.  450 pages.  Cambridge Companions to Philosophy Series.  ISBN: 978-0521779852. 

The Cambridge Companion to Virtue Ethics  Edited by Daniel C. Russell.  The Cambridge Companions to Philosophy.  Cambridge University Press, 2013.  380 pages.  ISBN: 978-0521171748.  VSCL (Kindle). 



Chrysippus of Soli (279 BCE - 206 BCE):  Information:  Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,  Wikipedia Encyclopedia,  Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 

Chrysippus.  Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Religious Character of Stoic Ethics.   By Christopf Jedan.  Bloomsbury Academic, 2012.  244 pages.  Bloomsbury Studies in Ancient Philosophy (Book 60).  ISBN: 978-1441197948. 

Chrysippus of Soli, Project Gutenberg

Chrysippus of Soli.  "We need to recognize from the outset that almost all of Hellenistic literature, principally it philosophical productions, has disappeared.  The Stoic philosopher Chrysippus, to cite only one example, among many, wrote seven hundred works, all of which are lost; only a few fragments have down to us.  We would undoubtedly have a very different idea of Hellenistic philosophy if this gigantic catastrophe has not occurred."
-  Pierre Hadot, Philosophy as a Way of Life, 1995, p. 53.



Cheerfulness   Quotations, Sayings, Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.


Cleanthes (330-230 BCE)   Information in: Wikipedia Encyclopedia,  Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Diogenes Laertius

Cleanthes (330-230 BCE), Project Gutenberg




Chronology of Stoic Philosophers and Some Related Thinkers 

Plato (427-347 BCE)   Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Aristotle (384�322 BCE)   Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,  Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Epicurus (341-270 BCE)  Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,  Wikipedia Encyclopedia,  Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy 

Zeno of Citium (334-262 BCE):  Wikipedia Encyclopedia   Founder of the Stoic School of Philosophy

Cleanthes (330-230 BCE), Project Gutenberg,  Wikipedia Encyclopedia,  Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Diogenes Laertius

Chrysippus of Soli (279-206 BCE)  Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,  Wikipedia Encyclopedia,  Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Panaetius (185-110 BCE)   Project Gutenberg

Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BCE)  Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy 

Lucius Anneaeus Seneca, Seneca the Younger, (4 BCE-65 CE)   Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,  Wikipedia Encyclopedia,  Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy  

Gaius Musonius Rufus (25-100 CE)   Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Epictetus (55-135 CE)  Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Marcus Aurelius (121-180 CE)   Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,  Wikipedia Encyclopedia,  Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy  

A Longer List of Stoic Philosophers, Wikipedia



, Marcus Tullius (106 BCE - 43 BCE)  Information:  Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy 

Cicero: Selected Works  Translated by Michael Grant.  Penguin Classics, 1960.  272 pages.  ISBN: 978-0140440997. 

Cicero   On the Good Life.  Translated by Michael Grant.  Penguin Classics, 1971.  384 pages.  ISBN: 978-0140442441. 


Cicero (106-43 BCE) 




Cloud Hands Blog by Mike Garofalo

The College of Stoic Philosophers 

Cynicism.  Wikipedia

The Cynic Philosophers: From Diogenes to Julian.  Translated with an introduction by Robert Dobbin.  New York, Penguin Classics, Reprint 2013.  Notes, glossary, 352 pages.  ISBN: 978-0141192222.  VSCL. 




Dao De Jing by Laozi

Daoism and the Tao Te Ching  Compilations and research by Mike Garofalo. 

Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy  By Susanne Bobzien.  Clarendon Press, 2002.  456 pages.  ISBN: 978-0199247677. 

Diogenes Laertius, (circa 3rd Century CE).  Biographer of Greek philosophers. 




East of Eden.  By John Steinbeck.  Review: Steinbeck and Stoicism 

The Education of the Stoic  By Fernando Pessoa (1888-1935).  Translated by Richard Zenith.  Antonio Tabucchi, Contributor.  Exact Change, 2004.  128 pages.  ISBN: 978-1878972408. 

Ellis, Albert.  The Albert Ellis Reader: A Guide to Well-Being Using Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy.  Edited by Albert Ellis and Shawn Blau.  New York, Citadel Press, Kensington Pub., 1998.  Index, bibliography, notes, 375 pages.  ISBN: 0806520329.  VSCL.  

Ellis, Albert.  A New Guide to Rational Living.  By Albert Ellis and Robert A. Harper.  Third Edition, Thoroughly Revised and Updated for the Twenty-First Century.  Hollywood, CA, Melvin Powers Wilshire Book Company, 1961, 1997.  Index, bibliography, 283 pages.   ISBN: 0879800429.  VSCL. 



Epictetus (55 - 135 CE)  Information:  Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Epictetus, 55 CE - 135 CE, "was a Greek speakingStoic philosopher. He was born a slave at Hierapolis, Phrygia (present day Pamukkale, Turkey), and lived in Rome until his banishment, when he went to Nicopolis in north-western Greece for the rest of his life. His teachings were written down and published by his pupil Arrian in his Discourses.  Epictetus taught that philosophy is a way of life and not just a theoretical discipline. To Epictetus, all external events are determined by fate, and are thus beyond our control; we should accept whatever happens calmly and dispassionately. However, individuals are responsible for their own actions, which they can examine and control through rigorous self-discipline."  The leading student of Epictetus, Arrian, compiled and published his notes from the many lectures of Epictetus at around 150 BCE.  Many of these published works were lost or destroyed over the intervening centuries. 

Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life  By A. A. Long.  Clarendon Press, 2004.  328 pages.  ISBN: 978-0199268856. 

Epictetus, Enchiridion.  Translated by Elizabeth Carter.  Online free version. 

Enchiridion: A Manual for Living.  By Epictetus.  Translated by George Long.  Introduction by Odysseus Makridis.  New York, Barnes and Noble, 2015.  Written by Epictetus around 125 CE.  Endnotes, reading list, 27 pages.  ISBN: 9780760770207.  VSCL.  The leading student of Epictetus, Arrian, compiled and published his notes from the many lectures of Epictetus at around 150 BCE.  Many of these published works were lost or destroyed over the intervening centuries. 

Epictetus   Art of Living: The Classical Manual on Virtue, Happiness, and Effectiveness  By Epictetus.  An new interpretation, rephrasing, reorganization, and interpolation by Sharon Lebell.  Harper One, 1997.  126 pages.  ISBN: 978-0061286056.  This interesting and valuable text is unconventionally arranged.  There are no references to the standard numbered sections in the classic texts attributed by Arrian to Epictetus: Enchiridion or Discourses.  It is a useful popular handbook that captures the spirit of Epictetus and Stoic principles.  $8.44 paperback.  VSCL.  The leading student of Epictetus, Arrian, compiled and published his notes from the many lectures of Epictetus at around 150 BCE.  Many of these published works were lost or destroyed over the intervening centuries. 

Epictetus.  Discourses, Fragments, Handbook.  Translated by Robin Hard.  Edited with an Introduction by Christoper Gill.  Oxford's World Classics.  Oxford University Press, 2014.  400 pages.  ISBN: 978-0199595181. 

Epictetus   The Ethics of the Stoic Epictetus.  By Adolf Friedrich Bonhoffer.  Translated by William O. Stephens.  Revisioning Philosophy Series, Volume 2.  Peter Lang International Academic Publishers, 2000.  335 pages.  ISBN: 978-0820451398. 

Epictetus, Project Gutenberg








Epicureanism.  A hypertext notebook by Mike Garofalo: bibliography, resources. quotations, notes, summaries.  

Epicureanism.  By Tim O'Keefe.  University of California Press, 2009.  A good introduction to Epicureanism.  Ancient Philosophies Series.  224 pages.  ISBN: 978-0520264717.  VSCL.  Brief chronology.

Epicurus (341-270 BCE)  Information on Epicurus:  Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,  Wikipedia Encyclopedia,  Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 

The Epicurus Reader: Selected Writings and Testimonia.   Translated by Brad Inwood with an introduction by Lloyd P. Gerson.  Hackett Classics.   Hackett Pub. Co., 1994.  128 pages.  ISBN: 9780872202412. 

Equanimity:  Quotations, Sayings, Poems, Notes.  Compiled by Mike Garofalo.

Equanimity.  Wikipedia.   The Greek stoics use the word apatheia whereas the Roman stoics used the Latin word aequanimitas.




Fiction, Fictional Characters, Stoics in Fiction, Fictional Characters with a Stoic Approach to Life

Friendship: Quotations, Sayings, Wisdom, Poetry, Aphorisms, Virtues.  Compiled by Mike Garofalo. 




Getting Stronger Blog.  The philosophy of Hormetism, based on the application of progressive, intermittent stress to overcome challenges and grow stronger physically, mentally, and emotionally. 

God and Cosmos in Stoicism  By Ricardo Salles.  Oxford University Press, 2009.  288 pages.  ISBN: 9780199556144. 

Good Life and Virtues Website.  Quotations, sayings, and notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.

The Gods of Ancient Rome: Religion in Everyday Life from Archaic to Imperial Times.  By Robert Turcan.  Translated by Antonia Nevill.  New York, Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, 2001.  ISBN: 0415929733.  VSCL. 

Greco-Roman World 

Greek Art.  by John Boardman.  Thames and Hudson World of Art, Fourth Edition, 1964, 1996.  Index, bibliography, time chart, 302 illustrations, 73 color, index, 304 pages.  ISBN: 0500202923.  VSCL. 

Greek Religion.  By Walter Burkett.  Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, Reprint Edition, 2006.  512 pages.  ISBN: 0674362810.  Originally written in German and published in 1977; translated by John Raffan in 1985.  A scholarly review of Greek Religion (1200 - 300 BCE).  No illustrations.  VSCL. 

A Guide to the Good Life: The Ancient Art of Stoic Joy  By William B. Irvine.  Oxford University Press, 2008.  Index, notes, list of works cited, and a brief reading program, 336 pages.  ISBN: 978-0195374612.  VSCL.  In Part One, Professor Irvine, provides reasons for the importance of having a coherent philosophy of life, surveys the numerous private schools of philosophy in the Hellenistic Age, and gives an introduction to the Roman Stoics up to Emperor Marcus Aurelius.  In Part Two, Stoic psychological techniques are thoroughly explained and discussed, specifically:  Negative Visualization: What's the Worse that Can Happen?  The Trichotomy of Contol: Becoming Invincible.  Fatalism: Letting Go of the Past ... and the Present.  Self-Denial: On Dealing with the Dark Side of Pleasure.  Meditation: Watching Ourselves Practice Stoicism.  In Part Three, Professor Irvine, provides "Stoic Advice" on such topics as: duty, communicating and dealing with other people, grief, anger, personal values, fame, luxurious living, changing one's place, aging, becoming a Stoic, being mocked, etc.  In Part Four, he deals with Stoicism for modern lives, and provides insights into his own personal experiences with adopting and trying to live a life grounded in the principles of Stoicism.  William B. Irvine is Professor of Philosophy at Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio. 

Gymnosophists   Ascetics, sceptics, and religious followers (Sadhus) philosophers from India. 




Hadot, Pierre (1922-2010)    Information:  Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.  "Pierre Hadot, classical philosopher and historian of philosophy, is best known for his conception of ancient philosophy as a bios or way of life (mani�re de vivre)."  Translated works in Greek, Latin, and French.  Philosophy as a Way of Life: Spiritual Exercises from Socrates to Foucault, 1995.  The Inner Citadel: The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius, 2001.   

Happiness (Eudaimonia)

Hedonism  Enlightened pleasure seeking. 

Hedonism.  A hypertext notebook by Mike Garofalo: bibliography, resources. quotations, notes, summaries.  

The Hellenistic Age (Era, Period) of Philosophy, from around 300 BCE to 200 CE, was a period of time when there were many private schools of philosophy in the Mediterranean cities and towns, and when Greek culture was a strong political, commercial, and intellectual force.  The Koine Greek language was the lingua franca for the authors and intellectuals in the area.  Large libraries held the voluminous writings of the philosophers of that period; however, unfortunately, periodic wars, the widespread destruction of buildings and libraries, and tyrants and Christians deliberately destroying manuscripts has resulted in a great loss of the texts from both the Classical Greek Age and Hellenistic Age.  In both Greece and other large port cities, there were many private schools of philosophy that taught men and women how to live a good life, how to devise an effective and coherent philosophy of life, how to nurture happiness for themselves, how to control their emotions and desires, how to listen critically and argue effectively, how to be a good citizen, and how to reason and have moral wisdom.  The style of teaching was personal and interactive in a Socratic way for adherents, and interested visitors could listen politely to lectures by the masters of the schools.  All tried various ways to be a successful teaching business and attract and keep students and adherents. 

As the power of the Roman armies successfully expanded the "Empire", and as Nicene Christianity (i.e., Roman Catholicism and Greek Orthodox Christianity) became a dominant social-political force in Rome, the schools of philosophy went into decline, dispersal, and elimination.  In 85 CE, the dictatorial Emperor Domitian banished all philosophers from Rome.  All the public buildings in Athens were destroyed in 267 CE.  The great library at Alexandria was destroyed by invading Roman forces starting in 40 CE, and Paganism was made illegal by an edict of the Emperor Theodosius I in AD 391.  The Hebrew Old Testament, The Septuagint,  was translated into Koine Greek in 200 BCE, and the New Testament anthology for Christians was written in Koine Greek around 120 CE. 

Hellenistic Period - Wikipedia. 

Hellenistic Philosphers Index 

The Hellenistic Philosophers: Volume 1, Translations of the Principal Sources with Philosophical Commentary.  Compiled and translated by A. A. Long and D.N. Sedley.  Cambridge University Press, 1987.  524 pages.  ISBN: 9780521275569. 

Hellenistic Philosophy.  Translated and compiled by Brad Inwood and Lloyd P. Gerson.  Hackett Pub. Co., Second Edition, 1998.  438 pages.  ISBN: 97780872203785.  

Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind.  By Julia E. Annas.  Berkeley, University of California Press, Reprint, 1994.  Hellenistic Culture and Society Series, Book 8.  245 pages.  ISBN: 978-0520076594. 

Hellenistic Philosophy: Stoics, Epicureans, Skeptics.  By A. A. Long.  University of California Press, Second Edition, 1986.  274 pages.  ISBN: 978-0520058088. 

Hormetism: Getting Stronger

How to Be a Stoic Blog 

How to Life a Good Life: Advice from Wise Persons.  Compiled by Mike Garofalo.  

Francis Hutchenson (1694-1746) 

Hypertext Notebooks of Mike Garofalo    Senses, Pleasure, Hedonism, Druids, Stoics, Touch, Tao Te Ching, Taijiquan, Qigong, Walking, Philosophy, Tai Chi Chuan, Poetry, etc.  Mike Garofalo (1945-) and Karen Garofalo live south of the City of Red Bluff, in Tehama County, California.  They live in a rural area, surrounded by almond orchards, at the "Valley Spirit Center, Gushen Grove."  [Both a real and a imaginary place.]  Our home and gardens are located on the flat, clay/sand rockless soil, in the midland heart of the North Sacramento River Valley.  Mike's writings are published under the Green Way Research banner. 




The Inner Citadel: The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius  By Pierre Hadot.  Translated by Michael Chase.  Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 1998.  Index, notes, 351 pages.  Meditations of Marcus Aurelius Series.  ISBN:  978-0674007077.  VSCL. 

Intelligent Virtue  By Julia Annas.  Oxford University Press, 2011.  200 pages.  ISBN: 9780199228775.  Virtue is a practical skill that needs development. 

Interdependence, Web of Life, Complexity   Quotes, Sayings, Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo. 

International Stoic Forum

An Introduction to Roman Religion.  By John Scheid.  Translated by Janet Lloyd.  Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 2003.  Chronology, glossary, bibliography, index, 232 pages.  ISBN: 0253216605.  VSCL. 

Introduction to Virtue Ethics: Insights of the Ancient Greeks.  By Raymond Devettere.  Georgetown University Press, 2002.  208 pages.  ISBN: 978-0878403721. 




Thomas Jefferson (1743 - 1826)  Information:  Biography, Wikipedia Encyclopedia  President Jefferson said that he was a Stoic. 




Kindness   Quotations, Sayings, Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.




Letters from a Stoic.  By Seneca.  Translated with an introduction by Robin Campbell.  Illustrated by Coralie Bickford-Smith.  Hardcover Classics Series.  New York, Penguin Classics, Reissue Edition, 2015.  Index of persons, appendix, notes, 352 pages.  ISBN: 978-0141395852.  VSCL. 

by , translated by

Lucretius: The Way Things Are: The Way Things Are: The De Rerum Natura of Titus Lucretius Carus.  Translated by Rolfe Humphries.  Bloomington, Indiana, University of Indiana Press, 1968.  Notes, 255 pages.  ISBN: 9780253201256.  Lucretius was an Epicurean Hellenistic philosopher.  VSCL. 




Man's Search for Meaning  By Viktor E. Frankl, M.D., PhD.  Beacon Press, 2006.  First published in 1946.  184 pages.  ISBN: 978-0807014295. 

Meditations  SEE  Aurelius, Marcus Antoninus

Moderation   Quotations, Sayings, Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.

Modern Stoic Literature

Montaigne   The Essays by Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592)  Translated by Donald M. Frame.  New York, Everyman's Library, 2003.  I own the complete works by Montaigne in a Kindle digital version for easier reading.  1392 pages.  ISBN: 1400040213.  VSCL.

Montaigne   How to Live: Or A Life of Montaigne in One Question and Twenty Attempts at an Answer  By Sarah Bakewell.  New York, Other Press, 2010.  Index, bibliography, notes, 399 pages.  ISBN: 9781590514832.  VSCL.

The Morality of Happiness  By Julia Annas.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1993, 1995.  Index, secondary sources bibliography, cast of characters, 502 pages.  ISBN: 0195096525.  Professor Annas provides a very thorough review and detailed analysis and evaluation of the ethical concerns and viewpoints of Aristotle and the Hellenistic philosophers.   "Ancient ethical theories, based on the notions of virtue and happiness, have struck many as an attractive alternative to modern theories. But we cannot find out whether this is true until we understand ancient ethics--and to do this we need to examine the basic structure of ancient ethical theory, not just the details of one or two theories. In this book, Annas brings together the results of a wide-ranging study of ancient ethical philosophy and presents it in a way that is easily accessible to anyone with an interest in ancient or modern ethics. She examines the fundamental notions of happiness and virtue, the role of nature in ethical justification and the relation between concern for self and concern for others. Her careful examination of the ancient debates and arguments shows that many widespread assumptions about ancient ethics are quite mistaken. Ancient ethical theories are not egoistic, and do not depend for their acceptance on metaphysical theories of a teleological kind. Most centrally, they are recognizably theories of morality, and the ancient disputes about the place of virtue in happiness can be seen as akin to modern disputes about the demands of morality."  VSCL. 



Gaius Musonius Rufus (25 CE - 100 CE)    Information:  Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Musonius Rufus: Lectures and Sayings  Translated and compiled by Cynthia King.  Preface by William B. Irvine.  Lulu, 2010.  Pp. 96.  ISBN 9780557335800.   Review

Musonius Rufus and Education in the Good Life: A Model of Teaching and Living Virtue  By J. T. Dillon.   UPA, 2004.  110 pages.  ISBN: 9780761829027. 

Musonius Rufus, Project Gutenberg




The Nature of Things.   By Lucretius.  Translated by Alicia Stallings.  Introduction by Richard Jenkyns.  New York, Penguin Classics, 2007.  304 pages.  ISBN: 978-0140447965.  Epicurean physics in a poetic format. 

Neo-Stoicism: A Late Renaissance Movement 

A New Stoicism  By Lawrence C. Becker.  Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton University Press, 1998.  Index, bibliography, commentaries, footnotes, 216 pages   Extensive discussion and development of 'normative logic.'  ISBN: 978-0691009643.  VSCL. 

Nietzsche, Frederick Wilhelm (1844 � 1900) - Wikipedia  Nietzsche was a scholar of Greek and Latin, familiar with Greco-Roman culture and philosophy.  He held the Chair Classical Philology at the University of Basel from 1869-1979.  Nietzsche was plagued by poor health all of his short life, he nevertheless wrote many essays and books.  His style of writing is engaging, insightful, bold, persuasive, imaginative, and he has keen sense of the bourgeois German culture of the late 19th century.  His thoughts and opinions can hold us spellbound at times.  The Greek sense of excellence for a persons function in life, free thinking, high standards, enjoyment of life, dignity, will, no gods needed, heroes, work, courage ... sounds like the issues raised by Epircureans and Stoics.   

Frederick Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900).  Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,  Wikipedia Encyclopedia,  Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 

The Norms of Nature: Studies in Hellenistic Ethics  Edited by Malcolm Schofield and Gisela Striker.  Cambridge University Press, 2007.  300 pages.  ISBN: 978-0521039888. 

Notebooks of an Old Philosopher  By Mike Garofalo. 

Novels, Plays, Characters with a Stoic Attitude or Philosophy




The Obstacle Is the Way: The Timeless Art of Turning Trials into Triumph  By Ryan Holiday.  Penguin Portfolio, 2014.  224 pages.  ISBN: 978-1591846352.

Old Philosopher's Notebooks.  By Mike Garofalo. 

On Desire: Why We Want What We Want  By William B. Irvine.  Oxford University Press, 2007.  336 pages.  ISBN: 9780195327076.  VSCL. 

Oikei�sis: self-preservation, belonging to oneself, orientation, affinity, familiar, home, family, things close to one's heart.  A key term in Stoic developmental psychology.  Also implies working on developing a better sense of interconnectedness with widening circles of beings. 

Outward, Visible, Propriety: Stoic Philosophy and Eighteenth-Century British Rhetorics.  By Lois Peters Agnew.  University of South Carolina Press, 2009.  224 pages.  Studies in Rhetoric and Communication.  ISBN: 9781570037672. 

The Oxford History of Greece and the Hellenistic World  Edited by John Boardman, Jasper Griffin, and Oswyn Murray.  Oxford University Press Paperbacks, 2nd Edition, 1986, 2001.  Index, tables, 520 pages.  ISBN: 978-0192801371.  VSCL. 




Panaetius (185-110 BCE)   Project Gutenberg   

Peripatetic School.  Followers of Aristotle (384-322 CE)  A school of philosophy in Athens, Greece, located at the Lyceum during the Hellenistic Age.   

Massimo Pigliucci.  Interveiw in 2015 with Professor Pigliucci.  Rationally Speaking by Professor Pigliucci.  How to be a Stoic Blog; An Evolving Guide to Practical Stoicism for the 21 Century, by Massimo Pigliucci. 

Philosophy: An Introduction Through Literature  Edited with introductions by Lowell Kleiman and Stephen Lewis.  Paragon House, 1998.  618 pages.  ISBN: 9781557785398.  VSCL. 

Philosophy as a Way of Life: Ancients and Moderns - Essays in Honor of Pierre Hadot.  Edited by Michael Chase, Stephen R. L. Clark, and Michael McGhee.  Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.  340 pages.  ISBN: 978-1405161619. 

Philosophy as a Way of Life: Spiritual Exercises from Socrates to Foucault  By Pierre Hadot.  Edited with an introduction by Arnold Davidson.  Translated by Michael Chase.  Malden, Massachusetts, Wiley-Blackwell, 1995.  Index, extensive bibliography, 320 pages.  ISBN: 978-0631180333.  VSCL. 

Philosophy for Life and Other Dangerous Situations: Ancient Philosophy for Modern Problems  By Jules Evans.  New World Library, 2013.  320 pages.  ISBN: 978-1608682294. 

Plato (427 - 347 BCE)   Information:  Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Plato.  The Collected Dialogues of Plato, Including the Letters.  Edited by Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns.  With an Introduction and Prefatory Notes.  New York, Pantheon Books, 1961.  Bollingen Series, LXXI.  14 different translators are used in this collection.  Detailed index, 743 pages.  LCN: 61-11758.  VSCL. 

Pleasure   Quotations, Sayings, Poems, Statements, and Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.

Pleasure in Ancient Greek Philosophy.  By David Wolfsdorf.  Cambridge University Press, 2013.  Index, reading list, 299 pages.  Key Themes in Ancient Philosophy Series.  ISBN: 978-0521149754.  VSCL. 

The Present Alone is Our Happiness, Second Edition: Conversations with Jeannie Carlier and Arnold I. Davidson.  Essays by Pierre Hadot and others.  Translated from the French by Arnold I. Davidson.  Cultural Memory in the Present.  Stanford University Press, 2nd Edition, 2011.  240 pages.  ISBN: 978-0804775434. 

Practical Intelligence and the Virtues  By Daniel C. Russell.  Oxford University Press, Reprint Edition, 2012.  458 pages.  ISBN: 9780199698448.  This book develops an Aristotelian account of the virtue of practical intelligence or "phronesis"─ an excellence of deliberating and making choices. 

Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus  By John M. Cooper.  Princeton University Press, 2012.  Index, bibliography, end notes, further reading list, 442 pages.  ISBN: 978-0691159706.  Stoicisim discussed in Chapter 4, Stoicism as a Way of Life, pp. 144-225.  VSCL. 

Pyrrhonism: How the Ancient Greeks Reinvented Buddhism.  By Adrian Kuzminski.  Lexington Books, 2010.  170 pages.  ISBN: 978-0739125076. 

Quotes about Stoicism - Good Reads

Quotes about Stoicism - Wikiquote




Real Life Stoics:  Marcus Areulius, Cato, Winston Churchill, Cicero, Epictetus, Gandhi, Chris Hadfield, Thomas Jefferson, Nelson Mandela, Seneca, John Sellars, Vice Admiral James Stockade, Zeno.

A Reference Guide to Stoicism: A Compilation of the Principle Stoic Writings on Various Topics  By John L. Bowman.  Author House, 2014.  220 pages.  ISBN: 978-1496900173. 

Riddles, Puzzles, Dilemmas, Paradoxes  

The Rise of Modern Stoicism.  By Joe Gelonsi.  Discussion of Stoic Week activities. 

The Role Ethics of Epictetus: Stoicism in Ordinary Life  By Brian E. Johnson.  Lexington Books, 2013.  216 pages.  ISBN: 9780739179673. 








Self-Preservation and Self-Identity, Oikei�sis: self-preservati on, belonging to oneself, orientation, affinity, familiar, home, family, things close to one's heart.  A key term in Stoic developmental psychology.  Also implies working on developing a better sense of interconnectedness with widening circles of beings. 


Seneca:   Lucius Anneaeus Seneca, Seneca the Younger, 4 BCE - 65 CE, Information:  Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,  Wikipedia Encyclopedia,  Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 

Seneca (4 BCE - 65 CE)  Lucius Annaeus Seneca (often known as Seneca the Younger or simply Seneca, was a RomanStoic philosopher, statesman, dramatist, and in one work humorist, of the Silver Age of Latin literature.  "Works attributed to Seneca include a dozen philosophical essays, one hundred and twenty-four letters dealing with moral issues, nine tragedies, and a satire, the attribution of which is disputed.  Seneca generally employed a pointed rhetorical style. His writings expose traditional themes of Stoic philosophy: the universe is governed for the best by a rational providence; contentment is achieved through a simple, unperturbed life in accordance with nature and duty to the state; human suffering should be accepted and has a beneficial effect on the soul; study and learning are important. He emphasized practical steps by which the reader might confront life's problems. In particular, he considered it important to confront one's own mortality. The discussion of how to approach death dominates many of his letters."  

Seneca, Lucius Annaeus.  Letters from a Stoic.  Translated by Robin Campbell.  Penguin Books, 1969.  254 pages.  ISBN: 978-0140442106.  VSCL. 

Seneca   The Stoic Philosophy of Seneca: Essays and Letters.  By Seneca.  Translated with and introduction by Moses Hadas.  Seneca (4 BCE - 65 CE).  New York, W. W. Norton, 1958, 1968.  261 pages.  ISBN: 0393004597.  VSCL. 



Serenity, Tranquility (Atraxia), Peace of Mind:  Quotations, sayings, poems, observations.  Compiled by Mike Garofalo.

The Shape of Ancient Thought: Comparative Studies in Greek and Indian Philosophies  By Thomas C. Mcevilley.  Allworth Press, 2001.  768 pages.  Kindle Version.   ISBN: 978-1581152036.  VSCL. 

Simplicity.  Quotations, Sayings, Notes compiled by Mike Garofalo.

Socratic Logic: A Logic Text using Socratic Method, Platonic Questions, and Aristotelian Principles, Edition 3.1   By Peter Kreeft, and edited by Trent Dougherty.  South Bend, Indiana, St. Augustine's Press, Third Edition, 3.1, 2004, 2010.  Index, 410 pages.  ISBN: 9781587318085.  VSCL. 

Society of Epiictetus: A Theistic Stoic Organization

Spinoza, Baruch (1632 - 1677)  Information:  Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Wikipedia Encyclopedia, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy  

The Stoic and Epicurean Philosophers: The Complete Extant Writings of Epicurus, Epictetus, Lucretius, Marcus Aurelius  Edited by Whitney J. Oates.  New York, Random House, 1940.  627 pages.  ISBN: 9780394607450.  VSCL.  This was the first book I ever read about the Epicurean philosophers.  I purchased a used hardbound copy in 1962.  VSCL. 

Selected Bibliography

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I read mainly in English, including English translations of Arabic and ancient Greek. For secondary sources I prefer authors who have done what I have not: dedicated their professional lives to a narrow field of study.

SmartWritingService - annotated bibliography maker is always available online to create a custom written paper for you.

Abraham, Richard, Rosa Luxemburg

Abboushi, W F, The Unmaking of Palestine

Abu-Lughod, Janet L, Before European Hegemony: a World System AD 1250-1350

Aburish, Said K, Arafat: from Defender to Dictator

Ackerknecht, Edwin H, A Short History of Medicine

Africa, Thomas W, The Immense Majesty

Albee, Sarah, Poop Happened: A History of the World from the Bottom Up.

Anderson, M S, The War of Austrian Succession, 1740-1748

Appleby, Joyce, Shores of Knowledge: New World Discoveries and the Scientific Imagination

Appleby, Joyce, The Relentless Revolution: a History of Capitalism

Aristotle, Metaphysics, translated by John H McMahon

Aristotle, The Politics, translated by Sir Ernest Barker

Armajani, Yahya, Middle East, Past and Present

Aruri, Naseer, editor, Occuption: Israel over Palestine, Second Edition

Aslan, Reza, Zealot, the Life and Times of Jesus of Nazareth

Asminov, Isaac, Asimov's Chronology of Science and Discovery


Babinger, Franz, Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time

Baffaclough, Geoffrey, The Crucible of Europe: the Ninth and Tenth  Centuries in European History

Bailey, Helen Miller and Nasatir, Abraham P, Latin America: the Development of its Civilization

Bairoch, Paul, Economics and World History: Myths and Paradoxs

Baker, Nicholson, Human Smoke

Bark, Dennis L and Gress, David R, A History of West Germany: From Shadow to Substance, 1945-63, Volume 1

Barker, Sir Ernest, From Alexander to Constantine

Basham, AL, Origins and Development of Classical Hinduism

Bauer, Wolfgang, China and the Search for Happiness

Beasley, W G, The Rise of Modern Japan

Beatty, Jack, The Lost History of 1914

Beevor, Antony, The Fall of Berlin, 1945

Beinart, Peter, The Icarus Syndrome: a History of American Hubris

Bengtsson, Frans G, The Sword Does not Jest: the Heroic Life of King Charles XII of Sweden

Benko, Stephen, Pagan Rome and the Early Christians

Bennet, Clinton, In Search of Muhammad

Berg, A Scott, Lindbergh

Bergère, Marie-Claire, Sun Yat-sen

Berkin, Carol, A Brilliant Solution: Inventing the American Constitution

Bethell, Leslie, Argentina Since Independence

Biddiss, Michael D, Father of Racist Ideology: the social and political thought of Count Gobideau

Bix, Herbert P, Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan

Black, Jeremy, The Rise of the European Powers, 1679-1793

Blackford, Mansel G, and Kerr, K Austin, Business Enterprise in American History

Blackmon, Douglas A, Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II

Blight and Kornbluh, editors, Politics of Illussion: The Bay of Pigs Invasion Reexamined

Blinkhorn, Martin, Mussolini and Fascist Italy

Bokenkotter, Thomas, A Concise History of the Catholic Church

Boot, Max, War Made New

Boren, Henry C, Roman Society: A Social, Economic and Cultural History

Botting, Douglas, From the Ruins of the Reich: Germany 1945-1949

Bourne, Frank C, A History of the Romans

Bowle, John, Politics and Opinion in the 19th Century

Boyce, Mary, Zoroastrians, Their Religious Beliefs and Practices

Bradley, Mark Philip, Vietnam at War

Brands, H W , TR: The Last Romantic

Brands, H W, Andrew Jackson: His Life and Times

Brentano, Robert editor, The Early Middle Ages, 500 -1000

Breslauer, George W, Gorbachev and Yeltsin as Leaders

Briard, Jacques, The Bronze Age in Barbarian Europe

Brinton, Crane, Ideas and Men: the Story of Western Thought

Brown, Elaine, A Taste of Power:  a Black Woman's Story

Brown, Peter, Augustine of Hippo

Browning, Christopher, The Origins of the Final Solution

Browning, Reed, The War of Austrian Succession

Browning, Robert, Justinian and Theodora

Bukey, Evan Burr, Hitler's Austria: Popular Sentiment in the Nazi Era, 1938 - 1945

Burchell, Samual C, Age of Progress, 1850-1914

Burki, Javed Shahid, Pakistan: Fifty Years of Nationhood, Third Edition

Burney, Charles, The Ancient Near East

Bury, J B, History of the Later Roman Empire, Vols 1 & 2

Bury, J B, The Invasion of the Barbarians

Butterfield, Herbert, The Origins of History


Callahan, Bob, Who Shot JFK: A Guide to the Major Conspiracy Theories

Calvert, Susan and Peter, Argentina: Political Culture and Instability

Cambridge History of China, Volume 1, 221BC – AD220

Cambridge History of Japan, Volumes 3 and 4

Cameron, Rondo, A Concise Economic History of the World, 2nd Edition

Cary, M and Scullard, HH, A History of Rome, Third Edition

Ceram, C W, Secret of the Hittites: the Discovery of an Ancient Empire,

Chambers, Mortimer, ed The Fall of Rome

Chandler, Lester V, America's Greatest Depression

Cheetham, Nicholas, Keepers of the Keys

Chen, Jian, China's Road to the Korean War

Clark, Christopher, The SleepWalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914

Chidester, David, Christianity: a Global History

Clough, Shepard B, The Rise and Fall of Civilization

Coblentz, Stanton A, The Long Road to Humanity

Coedès, G The Making of Southeast Asia

Cohen, Curd and Reeve, editors, Readings in Ancient Greek Philosophy: from Thales to Aristotle

Cohen, Stephen F, Rethinking the Soviet Experience: Politics & History Since 1917

Cohen and Zelnik, editors, the Free Speech Movement, Reflections on Berkeley in the 1960s

Connaughton, Richard, MacArthur and Defeat in the Philippines

Conquest, Robert, Reflections on a Ravaged Century

Conquest, Robert, The Nation Killers: the Soviet deportation of nationalities

Cotterell, Anton, China, a Concise Cultural History

Cowell, F R, Life in Ancient Rome

Cowles, Virginia, The Kaiser

Cowles, Virginia, The Romanovs

Crane, Conrad C, Bombs, Cities and Civilians

Crawford, Harriet, Sumer and the Sumerians

Crawley, Eduardo, Nicaragua in Perspective

Crier, Catherine, Contempt

Crozier, Andrew J, The Causes of the Second World War

Crowe, Ivan, The Quest for Food


Dampier, Sir William, A History of Science and Its Relations with Philosophy and Religion

Deal, William E, Handbook to Life in Medieval and Early Modern Japan

Dale, Tom and Carter, Vernon Gill, Topsoil and Civilization

De Bary, Chan and Watson, Sources of Chinese Tradition, Volume1

De Bary, William and Tsunoda, Ryusaku, Sources of Japanese Tradition

Dedijer, Vladimir, The Road to Sarajevo

Desborough, Vincent Robin D'Arba, The Greek Dark Ages

Deutschmann, David, editor, The Che Guevara Reader

Dever, William G, What Did the Biblical Writers Know and When Did They Know It?

Devine, Robert A, Eisenhower and the Cold War

Dickson, Bruce D, The Dawn of Belief

Diffy, Bailey W, Latin American Civilization , Colonial Period

Dinwiddy, John, Bentham

Diamond, Jared,  Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed

Diamong, Jared, The World until Yesterday

Djilas, Milovan, Conversations with Stalin

Dobbs, Michael, One Minute to Midnight

Dodds, E R, Greeks and the Irrational

Douglas, Emily Taft, Margaret Sanger: Pioneer of the Future,

Dower, John W, Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II

Dozy, Reinhart, Spanish Islam: a History of the Moslems in Spain

Driver, Harold E, Indians of North America

Duffy, James, Portugal in Africa

Dufour, Ronald P, Colonial America

Dunn, Dennis J, Caught between Roosevelt and Stalin: America's Ambassardors to Moscow

Durant, Will and Ariel, The Story of Civilization


East, John P, The American Conservative Movement: The Philosophical Founders

Eban, Abba, Heritage: Civilization and the Jews

Eban, Abba, My People, 1968

Eban, Abba, Personal Witness: Israel through My Eyes

Eisenman, Robert and Wise, Michael, The Dead Sea Scrolls Uncovered

El-Kikhia, Mansour, Libya's Qaddafi: The Politics of Contradiction

Ellis, Peter Berresford, The Celtic Empire

Emmerson, Charles, 1913: In Search of the World before the Great War

Encyclopaedia Britannica

Encyclopedia Americana

English, T J, Havana Nocturne: How the Mob owned Cuba and then Lost it to the Revolution

Errington, P M, The Dawn of Empire: Rome's Rise to World Power

Esolen, Anthony, The Politically Incorrect Guide to Western Civilization

Evans, Sir R J, The Victorian Age


Fage, J D, A History of Africa

Fairbank, John and Goldman, Merle, China: A New History

Farah, Caesar E, Islam: Beliefs and Observations

Faragher, John Mack, A Great and Noble Scheme

Fehrenbach, T R, Fire and Blood: a History of Mexico

Feith, Douglas J, War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

Feldman, Noah, The Fall and Rise of the Islamic State

Ferguson, John, The Religions of the Roman Empire

Ferrell, Robert H The Presidency of Calvin Coolidge

Fest, Joachim C, Hitler

Finkelstein, Israel, and Silberman, Neil, David and Solmon

Fisk, Robert, The Great War for Civilisation: the Conquest of the Middle East

Flannery, Austin, editor, Vatican Council II

Foss, Clive, Juan and Eva Perón

Fox, Robin Lane, The Unauthorized Version: Truth and Fiction in the Bible

Fox, Robin Lane, The Search of Alexander

Fox, Robin Lane, Pagans and Christians

Frankel, Max, High Noon in the Cold War: Kennedy, Khrushchev, and the Cuban Missile Crisis

Frazier, Donald S, editor, The United States and Mexico at War

Frye, Susan, Elizabeth I

Fuhrmann, Joseph T, Origins of Capitalism in Russia

Fukuyama, Francis, The Origins of Political Order: from Prehistoric Times to the French Revolution


Gabriel, Mary, Love and Capital: Karl and Jenny Marx and the Birth of a Revolution

Gagliardo, John G, Germany under the Old Regime, 1600-1790

Garnsey, Peter, Ideas of Slavery from Aristotle to Augustine

General History of Africa, Volume V, UNESCO, BA Ogot, Editor

Gibbon, Edward, History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

Gilbert, Martin, The First World War: A Complete History

Gilbert, Martin, Israel: a History

Gilbert, Martin, The Second World War, Revised Edition

Gowers, Andrew and Walker, Tony, Behind the Myth: Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Revolution

Graeber, David, Debt: the First 5,000 Years

Graff and Higham, A Military History of China

Grant, Michael, History of Ancient Israel

Grant, Michael, Rise of the Greeks

Grant, Michael, The Fall of Rome, a Reappraisal

Grant, Michael, From Alexander to Cleopatra: the Hellenistic World

Grant, Robert M, Eusebius as Church Historian

Graves, MAR, Revolution, Reaction and the Triumph of Conservatism: English History, 1558 to 1700

Green, Jack P, and Cole, JR, editors, A Companion to the American Revolution

Green, Peter, Ancient Greece: a Concise History

Green, Peter, Armada from Athens

Green, Peter, Alexander to Actium: the Historical Evolution of the Hellenistic Age

Gregory of Tours, History of the Franks

Grieb, Kenneth J, Guatemalan Caudillo: The Regime of Jorge Ubico

Grousset, René, The Rise and Splendor of the Chinese Empire

Guy, John Alexander, Thomas More

Gwyn, David, Idi Amin: death-light of Africa


Hadot, Pierre, Plotinus or the Simplicity of Vision, tr Michael Chase

Halberstam, David, The Fifties

Hall, John Whitney, Japan, from Prehistory to Modern Times

Hamerow, Theodore S,The Birth of a New Europe,

Hamilton, Edith, The Greek Way

Hammond, N G L, Alexander the Great

Hammond, N G L, The Genius of Alexander the Great

Han Woo-keun, History of Korea

Harbison, Harris E, The Age of Reformation

Harris, Seymour E, American Economic History

Harper and Brothers Publishers, The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D Roosevelt

Hattan, R M, Charles XII of Sweden

Hatzfelt, Jean, The History of Ancient Greece

Hause, Steven and Maltby, William, Western Civilization: a History of European Society

Hayek, F A, The Constitution of Liberty

Haynes, Renée, Philosopher King: the Humanist Pope, Benedict XIV

Hayward, Stephen F, The Age of Reagan: The Fall of the Old Liberal Order

Heiber, Helmut, Goebbels, tr John K Dickinson

Heilbruner, Robert L, The Worldly Philosophers

Herman, Arthur, Gandhi & Churchill, the Epic Rivalry that Destroyed an Empire and Forged our Age

Herodotus, The Histories, translated by Aubrey de Sélincourt and revised by AR Burn

Herrin, Judith, The Formation of Christendom

Hellie, Richard, The Economy and Material Culture of Russia 1600-1725

Hibler, Richard W, Life and Learning in Ancient Athens

Hill, Kim Quaile, Democracies in Crisis: Public Policy Responses to the Great Depression

Hobsbawm, E J, The Age of Revolution

Hodges, Gabrielle Ashford, Franco: a Concise Biography

Holborn, Hajo, A History of Modern Germany, 1648-1840

Holbrook, Richard, To End a War

Honderich, Ted, Conservatism

Hooper, Finley, Roman Realities

Huang, Ray, China, a Macro History

Hu-DeHart, Evelyn, Missionaries, Miners and Indians

Hughes, Lindsey, Russia in the Age of Peter the Great

Irving, Clive, Crossroads of Civilization: 3000 Years of Persian History


Jacob, Margaret C, The Radical Enlightenment: Pantheists, Freemasons and Republicans

Jahoda, Gustav, Images of Savages: Ancient Roots of Modern Prejudice in Western Culture

James, Edward, The Franks

James, Lawrence, Aristocrats

James, Lawrence, The Rise and Fall of the British Empire

Jones, JR, Charles II: Royal Politician

Jones, J Sydney, Hitler in Vienna, 1907 to 1913: Clues to the Future

Josephy, Alvin M, The Indian Heritage of America

July, Robert W, A History of the African People, Fourth Edition


Kagan, Donald, ed, The End of the Roman Empire

Kagan, Donald, The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition

Katz, Friedrich, The Life and Times of Pancho Villa

Katz, Solomon, Decline of Rome and the Rise of Medieaval Europe

Keddie, Nikki R, Roots of Revolution: An Interpretive History of Modern Iran

Kee, Howard Clark, et al, Christianity: a Social and Cultural History

Kempe, Frederick, Berlin 1961

Kennan, George F, Memoirs, 1925-1950, Volumes 1 & 2

Kennedy, Paul, Rise and Fall of the Great Powers

Kennedy, Paul, Preparing for the Twenty-first Century

Kertzer, David I, The Pope and Mussolini

Klein, Naomi, The Shock Doctrine

Khrushchev, Nikita, Khrushchev Remembers

Ki-baik Lee, A New History of Korea

Kiddie, Nikki R, Scholars, Saints and Sufis: Muslim Religious Institutions Since 1500

Kinzer, Stephen, All the Shah's Men

Kinzer, Stephen, Overthrow: America's Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq

Kissenger, Henry, Diplomacy

Kissenger, Henry, Years of Upheaval

Knock, Thomas J, To End All Wars: Woodrow Wilson and the quest for a New World Order

Koran: First American Version, translated by TB Irving

Kramer, Samuel Noah, History Begins at Sumer

Kramer, Samuel Noah, The Sumerians: Their History, Culture and Character

Krugman, Paul, The Conscience of a Liberal

Kulke and Rothermund, A History of India, Fourth Edition

Ky, Nguyen Cao, How We Lost the War in Vietnam

Kyemba, Henry, A State of Blood: the inside story of Idi Amin

Kynaston, David, Austerity Britain: 1945-51


Lacouture, Jean, Vietnam, between the Two Truces,1965

Lacroix, Paul, France in the Eighteenth Century: Its Institutions, Customs and Costumes

Lamb, Harold, Genghis Khan, the Emperor of All Men

Lang, Andrew, Myth, Ritual and Religion

Lange, Ursula, East Germany: What Happened to the Silesians in 1945?

Langer, Herbert, Thirty Years' War

Lapidus, Ira M, A History of Islamic Societies

Lekson, Stephen H, A History of the Ancient Southwest

Lerner, Robert E, The Age of Adversity: the Fourteenth Century

Leuchtenburg, William E, The Perils of Prosperity, 1914-32

Lewis, Bernard, Islam in History: Ideas, People and Events in the Middle East

Lewis, Bernard,The Emergence of Modern Turkey

Lewis, Bernard, and Buntzie Churchill, Islam: the Religion and the People

Lewis, Gwynne, The French Revolution: Rethinking the Debate

Li, Dun J, The Ageless Chinese

Lieu, Samuel, Manichaeism in Mesopotamia and the Roman East

Lieven, Dominic, The Aristocracy in Europe, 1815-1914

Lister, RP, Genghis Khan

Liu, Xinru, Ancient India and Ancient China: Trade and Religious Exchanges, AD 1-600

Livy, Titus Livius, History of Rome, translated by Aubrey De Selincourt

Livy, Titus Livius, Early History of Rome, Books I through V

Lloyd, Steton, Ancient Turkey: a Traveller's Guide of Anatolia

Lockmiller, David A, Sir William Blackstone

Loew, Cornelius, Myth, Sacred History, and Philosophy

Long, David E, The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Lynch, John, Caudillos in Spanish America


Machtan, Lothar, The Hidden Hitler

McCullough, David, Truman

MacDonald, Callum A, Korea: The War Before Vietnam

McDougal, Susan, The Woman Who Wouldn't Talk

McKay, Hill and Buckler, A History of Western Society, Volumes I and 2, Fourth Edition

McLynn, Frank, Napoleon: a Biography

McMeekin, Sean, The Russian Origins of the First World War

McNally, Robert E, Luther, Erasmus and the Reformation: a Catholic-Protestant Reappraisal

McNeill, William H and Sedlar, Jean W, eds, Origins of Civilization, Readings in World History, Vol1

McNeill, William H, A World History

McNeill, William H, History of Western Civilization, Sixth Edition

Malcolm, Noel, Kosovo: a short History

Manchester, William, Amercian Caesar: Douglas MacArthur, 1880-1964

Mango, Andrew, The Biography of the Founder of Modern Turkey

Manning, Paul, Hirohito, the War Years

Manshreek, Clyde L, A History of Christianity in the World

Manuel, Frank, Scenes from the End: the Last Days of World War II in Europe

Marks, Robert B, The Origins of the Modern World: a Global and Ecological Narrative

Massie, Robert K, Peter the Great

Matlock, Jack F Jr, Superpower Illusions

Mazzolani, Lidia Storoni, Empire Without End

Mazzolani, Lidia Storoni, The Idea of the City in Roman Thought

Medvedev, Roy, Let History Judge

Meinecke, Friedrich, The German Catastrophe: Reflections and Recollections

Meyer, Milton V, Japan: a Concise History

Mombauer, Annika, Helmuth von Moltke and the Origins of the First World War

Montefiore, Simon, Young Stalin

Morgan, Ted, FDR: A Biography

Morison, Samuel Eliot, The Oxford History of the American People

Morris-Suzuki, Tessa, A History of Japanese Economic Thought

Morris, Debra and Shapiro, Ian, editors, John Dewey, the Political Writings

Morris, Jan, Heaven's Command: an Imperial Progress

Muller, Herbert J, Freedom in the Modern World

Mutibwa, Phares, Uganda Since Independence


Nathan, John, Mishima: a biography

Neitzer, Sönke and Welzer, Harald, Soldaten: On Fighting, Killing and Dying, 2012

Nester, William R The Great Frontier War

Nettels, Curtis P, The Roots of American Civilization

Nilsson, Martin, Imperial Rome

Nimmo, William F, Behind a Curtain of Silence: Japanese in Soviet Custody, 1945-1956

Norwich, John Julius, A Short History of Byzantium

Norwich, John Julius, Byzantium: the Early Centuries, 1989


O'Connel, Robert L, Of Arms and Men

Oliver, Roland and Fage, J D, A Short History of Africa

Olson, Lynne, Troublesome Young Men

Olster, David Michael, The Politics of Usurpation in the Seventh Century: rhetoric and revolt in Byzantium

Oren, Michael B, Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East

Oren, Michael B, Power, Faith, and Fantasy: America in the Middle East, 1776 to the Present

Organ, Troy Wilson, Hinduism: Its Historical Development

Ort, LJR, Mani, a Religio-historical description of His Personality (a thesis)

Orwell, George, Homage to Catalonia

Overy, Richard and Kaufman, Peter B, Russia's War: Blood upon the Snow

Owings, Alison, Frauen: German Women Recall the Third Reich

Oxford History of the Classical World, Chapters 1 through 6


Pagden, Anthony, the Enlightement: And Why It Still Matters

Pagden, Anthony, Worlds at War: the 2,500-year struggle between East and West

Pagels, Elaine, Adam, Eve and the Serpant

Pagels, Elaine, The Origin of Satan

Painter, Nell Irvin, The History of White People

Palmer, Alan, Twilight of the Habsburgs: the Life and Times of Emperor Francis Joseph

Paludan, Ann, Chronicle of the Chinese Emperors: the Reign by Reign Record of the Rulers of Imperial China

Parker, Geoffrey, The Thirty Years' War

Parkison, Robert, Tormented Warrior

Pennell, C R, Morocco since 1830: a History

Perez, Louis B, The History of Japan

Perret, Geoffrey, Days of Sadness, Years of Triumph: the American People 1939-1945

Perret, Geoffrey, Eisenhower

Perret, Geoffrey, Jack: A Life Like No Other

Peters, F E, The Harvest of Hellenism

Petrow, Richard, The Bitter Years: The Invasion and Occupation of Denmark and Norway, April 1940-1945

Phillips, Kevin, Bad Money: Reckless Finance, Failed Politics, and the Global Crisis of American Capitalism

Phillips, Kevin, The Cousin's War: Religion, Politics and the Triumph of Anglo America

Phillips, Patricia, The Prehistory of Europe

Pinker, Steven, The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature

Pipes, Richard, The Russian Revolution

Pipes, Richard, The Unknown Lenin: From the Secret Archive

Pletsch, Carl, Young Nietzsche

Plotinus, The Enneads, edited and translated by Stephen McKenna

Plotinus, the Simplicity of Vision, translated by Pierre Hadot

Plutarch, Lives of Noble Grecians and Romans

Polybius, translated by Evelyn S Shuckburgh, Histories of Polybius

Polybius, The Histories, translated by W R Paton

Polybius, The Rise of the Roman Empire, translated by Ian Scott-Kilvert

Pomeranz, Kenneth and Topik, Steven, The World that Trade Created

Popkin, Jeremy, D, A Short History of the French Revolution

Porphyry, Against the Christians, edited and translated by R Joseph Hoffman

Posner, Ernst, Archives of the Ancient World

Posner, Gerald, Case Closed: Lee Harvey Oswald and the Assassination of JFK

Powelson, John, Centuries of Economic Endeavor: Parallel Paths in Japan and Europe and Their Contrast

Prest, Wilfred, Albion Ascendant: English History, 1660-1815

Pritchard, James B, ed, Ancient Near Eastern Texts


Rabe, Stephen G, Eisenhower, the Foreign Policy of Anticommuism, and Latin America

Radzinsky, Edvard, Stalin

Reader, John, Africa

Reagan, Ronald, An American Life: the autobiography

Reichauer, Edwin O, Japan: the Story of a Nation, Fourth Edition

Reitan, Earl A, The Thatcher Revolution

Reiterman, Tim, Raven: the Untold Story of Jim Jones and His People

Reston, James Jr, Warriors of God: Richard the Lionhearted and Saladin in the Third Crusade

Reuth, Ralf Georg, Goebbels

Reynolds, David, Summits: Six Meetings that shaped the Twentieth Century

Riasanovsky, Nicholas V, A History of Russia

Richardson, Louise, What Terrorists Want: Understanding the Enemy, Containing the Threat

Ridley, Jasper, Mussolini

Rinderle, Walter, and Norling, Bernard, The Nazi Impact on a German Village

Ringgren, Helmer, Religions of the Ancient Near East

Roberts, J A G, Modern China

Roberts, J A G, China: A Complete History

Roberts, Michael, The Age of Liberty: Sweden 1719-1772

Roberts, Tolbert Jennifer, Athens on Trial

Rock, David, Argentina 1516-1982

Rooney, David, Kwame Nkrumah

Rorabaugh, W J, Berkeley at War, the 1960s

Rosenthal, Jean-Laurent, The Fruits of Revolution: Property Rights, Litigation, and French Agriculture, 1700-1860

Rostovtzeff, M, Rome

Russell, Bertrand, The Practice and Theory of Bolshevism

Russell, Bertrand, Why I Am Not a Christian

Russell, Bertrand, The History of Western Philosophy

Russell, Bertrand, Wisdom of the West

Russell, D A, Plutarch


Saggs, H W F, Babylonians

Saggs, H W F, Civilization before Greece and Rome

Said, Edward W, Peace and its Discontents

Salvian the Presbyter, On the Government of God

Saunders, J J,The History of Medieval Islam

Sauvage, Leo, Che Guevara

Scalia, Antonin, A Matter of Interpretation

Scheck, Raffael, Alfted von Tirpitz and German Right-Wing Politics, 1914-1930

Scheina, Robert L, Santa Anna: A Curse upon Mexico

Schevill, Ferdinand, The History of the Balkan Peninsula

Scholefield, Alan, The Dark Kingdoms: Impact of White Civilization on Three Great African Monarchies

Scott-Stokes, Henry, The Life and Death of Yukio Mishima

Scullard, H H, A History of the Roman World, 757 to 146 BC, 4th Edition

Scullard, H H, Gracchi to Nero: a History of Rome from 133 BC to AD 68

Sealy, Raphael, The History of the Greek City States

Searle, John R, Mind

Secher, Reynald, A French Genocide: the Vendée

Segal, Alan F, Rebecca's Children

Serge, Victor, Memoirs of a Revolutionary

Service, Robert, A History of Twentieth-Century Russia

Seydewitz, Max, Civil Life in Wartime

Shanks, Edward, Ancient Israel: From Abraham to the Roman Destruction of the Temple

Sharma, L P, A History of Ancient India

Shatter, David, Nero

Shillington, Kevin, History of Africa

Shipman, Pat, The Evolution of Racism

Short, Philip, Mao, a Life

Simpson, Brooks D, America's Civil War

Smith, Edward Ellis, The Young Stalin

Smith, Mark S, The Early History of God

Smith, Michael E, The Aztecs

Snyder, Timothy, Bloodlands: Europe between Hitler and Stalin

Sokol, Edward D, Tamerlane

Soustelle, Jacques, Daily Life of the Aztecs

Southern, Pat, Augustus

Spaulding, Henry S, Chapters is Social History

Spengler, Joseph J, Indian Economic Thought: A Preface to Its History

Sperber, Jonathan, The European Revolutions, 1848-1851

Starr, Chester G, A History of the Ancient World

Stobard, J C, The Grandeur that was Rome

Stockman, David, The Triumph of Politics: Why the Reagan Revolution Failed

Streusand, Douglas, E, The Formation of the Mughal Empire

Swanberg, W A, Luce and His Empire

Sykes, Sir Percy, A History of the Persians, volume 1, third edition


Takemae Eiji, The Allied Occupation of Japan

Talbott, John, The War Without a Name

Tauber, Eliezer, The Formation of Modern Syria and Iraq

Taylor, Alan, American Colonies

Taylor, A J P, The Struggle for the Mastery of Europe

Taylor, A J P, Origins of the Second World War

Taylor, A J P, The First World War: an Illustrated History

Taylor, Fred, editor, The Goebbels Diaries: 1939-1941

Temin, Peter, Lessons from the Great Depression

Thaden, Edward, Russia Since 1801

Thomas, Elizabeth Marshall, The Old Way: a Story of the First People

Thomas, Gordon and Witts, Max, Voyage of the Damned

Thomas, Hugh, The Cuban Revolution

Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, translated by Walter Blanco

Tin-bor Hui, Victoria, War and State Formation in Ancient China and Early Modern Europe

Tolan, John, The Last 100 Days

Tolan, John, No Man's Land: 1918 the Last Year of the Great War

Tolan, John, The Rising Sun: the Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire

Toynbee, Arnold, A Study of History

Toynbee, Arnold, Turkey

Trigger, Bruce G, et al, Ancient Egypt, A Social History

Trofimov, Yaroslav, The Seige of Mecca

Tsunoda, Ryusaku and de Bary, William Theodore, The Sources of Japanese Tradition

Tuchman, Barbara, The Guns of August

Tuchman, Barbara, The Proud Tower

Turnbull, Colin M, The Forest People


Ulam, Adam, Stalin: The Man and His Era

UNESCO, General History of Africa, Vol V, (16th to 18th Century)

Ungar, Sanford J, Africa

US News staff, Triumph without Victory: The History of the Persian Gulf War, Random House


Varshney, Ashutosh, Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life: Hindus and Muslims in India

Ver Steeg, Clarence L, The Formative Years, 1607-1763


Walker, William, et al, A History of the Christian Church

Warraq, Ibn, editor, Quest for the Historical Muhammad

Weber, David J The Spanish Frontier in North America

Weber, Eugen, The Western Tradition

Weibull, Jörgen, Swedish History in Outline

Weigall, Arthur, Nero

Weinberg, Gerhard L, A World at Arms

Weinstein, Allen and Vassiliev, Alexander, The Haunted Wood

Wells, Peter S, Farms, Villages and Cities: Commerce and Urban Origins in Late Prehistoric Europe

Wertime and Murphy, ed, The Coming of Age of Iron

West, Mae, Goodness Had Nothing To Do With It

West, Rebecca, 1900

Weatherford, Jack, Genghis Khan and the making of the Modern World

Wilson, Charles, The Dutch Republic and Civilization in the 17th century

White, J E Manchip, Ancient Egypt

Whitridge, Arnold, Men In Crisis: the Revolutions of 1848

Whitrow, G J, Time in History

Wiesehofer, Josef, Ancient Persia: from 550 BC to AD 650

Williams, Neville E, The Ancient Regime in Europe: government and society in the major states, 1648-1789

Witchcraft and Magic in Europe, editors Begnt Ankarloo,Stuard Clark, ******

Wittow, Mark, The Making of Byzantium, 600-1025

Winn, Peter, Americas: the Changing Face of Latin America and the Caribbean

Woloch, Isser, Eighteenth-Century Europe, Tradition and Progress

Wolpert, Stanley, A New History of India, fifth and sixth editions

Woodward, Bob, State of Denial, Bush at War, Part lll

Wright, Robin, Dreams and Shadows


Yalman, Ahmed Amin, Turkey in My Time


Zakaria, Fareed, The Post American World

Zetourni, Sigalit, et al, Sharon: Israel's Warrior-Politician

Zhang, Guang Shu, Mao's Military Romanticism: China and the Korean War, 1950-53

Zücker, Erik J, Turkey: a Modern History


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